Article (Scientific journals)
The Quality of Work Index and the Employment Quality Index: A multidimensional approach of job quality and its links to well-being at work
Steffgen, Georges; Sischka, Philipp; Fernandez de Henestrosa, Martha
2020In International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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Keywords :
Quality of Work; Quality of Employment; Well-Being
Abstract :
[en] (1) Background: Job quality is a multidimensional and elusive concept that is back in vogue among social scientists and policymaker. The current study proposes a new job quality approach that is compared with the EuropeanWorking Conditions Survey framework and structured with the help of the Job Demands-Resources model. Two new measures of job quality, the Quality ofWork Index (QoW) and the Quality of Employment Index (QoE) are developed and validated in three different languages (German, French, Luxembourgish). The QoW is composed of 43 items, focusing on four areas of work—work intensity, job design, social conditions, and physical conditions (subdivided in eleven components)—which are particularly important for employees’ well-being. The QoE is composed of 13 items that cover training opportunities, career advancement, job security, employability, work life conflict, and income satisfaction. (2) Methods: Data were collected via computer-assisted telephone interviews in a representative sample of 1522 employees working in Luxembourg (aged 17–67 years; 57.2% male). (3) Results: Confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the proposed factors structure and scalar measurement invariance for the three different language versions. Internal consistencies were satisfactory for all subscales (Cronbach’s Alpha between 0.70 and 0.87). Correlations and hierarchical regression analyses with different psychological health measures (i.e., burnout, general well-being, psychosomatic complaints, work satisfaction, vigor) and subjective work performance confirmed the construct validity of the new instruments. (4) Conclusions: The QoW and the QoE are globally and on the level of the sub-categories effective tools to measure job quality, which could be used to compare job quality between organizations and different countries. Furthermore, the current study confirms associations between the different components of the QoW and QoE and employees’ health.
Disciplines :
Social, industrial & organizational psychology
Author, co-author :
Steffgen, Georges ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences (FHSE) > Department of Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences (DBCS)
Sischka, Philipp ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences (FHSE) > Department of Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences (DBCS)
Fernandez de Henestrosa, Martha ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences (FHSE) > Department of Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences (DBCS)
External co-authors :
no
Language :
English
Title :
The Quality of Work Index and the Employment Quality Index: A multidimensional approach of job quality and its links to well-being at work
Publication date :
2020
Journal title :
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
ISSN :
1661-7827
Publisher :
Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), Basel, Switzerland
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Name of the research project :
Quality of Work
Available on ORBilu :
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