Article (Scientific journals)
Suicidality in adults with autism spectrum disorder: The role of depressive symptomatology, alexithymia, and antidepressants.
Pinto Costa, Andreia; Loor, Cathia; Steffgen, Georges
2020In Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
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Keywords :
suicidality; depression; alexithymia; antidepressants; ASD; risk factors
Abstract :
[en] People with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have an increased risk of suicidality. However, the risk factors remain under-investigated. This study explored factors that increase suicidality risk in ASD. Through an online survey, 150 adults with ASD were compared to 189 control adults. Autistic traits, depressive symptomatology, alexithymia, and antidepressant intake were assessed on their contribution predicting suicidality. Among people with ASD, 63% scored above the cutoff for high suicidality risk. Increased autistic traits, depressive symptomatology, and antidepressant intake significantly predicted suicidality. Furthermore, among those with high levels of autistic traits, the risk of suicidality was increased if they also had high levels of alexithymia. These results highlight the importance of considering depression, antidepressants, and alexithymia to prevent suicidality in ASD.
Disciplines :
Treatment & clinical psychology
Author, co-author :
Pinto Costa, Andreia ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE)
Loor, Cathia
Steffgen, Georges ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE)
External co-authors :
no
Language :
English
Title :
Suicidality in adults with autism spectrum disorder: The role of depressive symptomatology, alexithymia, and antidepressants.
Publication date :
14 March 2020
Journal title :
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
ISSN :
0162-3257
eISSN :
1573-3432
Publisher :
Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, United States - New York
Special issue title :
Suicidality and Self-harm in Autism
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Available on ORBilu :
since 10 April 2020

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