Reference : University vs. Research Institute? The Dual Pillars of German Science Production, 195...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Sociology & social sciences
Educational Sciences
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/42423
University vs. Research Institute? The Dual Pillars of German Science Production, 1950–2010
English
Dusdal, Jennifer mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Education, Culture, Cognition and Society (ECCS) >]
Powell, Justin J W mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Education, Culture, Cognition and Society (ECCS) >]
Baker, David mailto [The Pennsylvania State University > Department of Education Policy Studies]
Fu, Yuan Chih mailto [National Taipei University of Technology > Graduate Institute of Technical and Vocational Education]
Shamekhi, Yahya mailto [The Pennsylvania State University, > Department of Education Policy Studies]
Stock, Manfred mailto [Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg > Institute of Sociology]
7-Feb-2020
Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
International
0026-4695
1573-1871
Netherlands
[en] Germany ; University ; Research institute ; Research policy ; Science production ; STEM
[en] The world’s third largest producer of scientific research, Germany, is the origin of the research university and the independent, extra-university research institute. Its dual-pillar research policy differentiates these organizational forms functionally: universities specialize in advanced research-based teaching; institutes specialize intensely on research. Over the past decades this policy affected each sector differently: while universities suffered a lingering “legitimation crisis,” institutes enjoyed deepening “favored sponsorship”—financial and reputational advantages. Universities led the nation’s reestablishment of scientific prominence among the highly competitive European and global science systems after WWII. But sectoral analysis of contributions to science, technology, engineering, mathematics, and medical and health journal publications (1950–2010) finds that Germany’s small to medium-sized independent research institutes have made significant, growing contributions, particularly in publishing in higher impact journals proportionally more than their size. Simultaneously—despite dual-pillar policy implications—the university sector continues to be absolutely and relatively successful; not eclipsed by the institutes. Universities have consistently produced two-thirds of the nation’s publications in the highest quality journals since at least 1980 and have increased publications at a logarithmic rate; higher than the international mean. Indeed, they led Germany into the global mega-science style of production. Contrary to assumed benefits of functional differentiation, our results indicate that relative to their size, each sector has produced approximately similar publication records. While institutes have succeeded, the larger university sector, despite much less funding growth, has remained fundamental to German science production. Considering these findings, we discuss the future utility of the dual-pillar policy.
Qatar National Research Fund (NPRP Grant No. 5-1021-5-159)
Science Productivity, Higher Education, Research & Development, and the Knowledge Society
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students ; General public ; Others
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/42423
10.1007/s11024-019-09393-2
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11024-019-09393-2?wt_mc=Internal.Event.1.SEM.ArticleAuthorOnlineFirst&utm_source=ArticleAuthorOnlineFirst&utm_medium=email&utm_content=AA_en_06082018&ArticleAuthorOnlineFirst_20200208

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