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The persistence of the gender earnings gap: cohort trends and the role of education in twelve countries
Bar-Haim, Eyal; Chauvel, Louis; Gornick, Janet et al.
2018
 

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Abstract :
[en] Studying twelve countries over 30 years, we examine whether women’s educational expansion has translated into a closing gender earnings gap. As educational attainment is cohort-dependent, an Age-Period-Cohort analysis is most appropriate in our view. Using the Luxembourg Income Study (LIS) data, we show that while in terms of attainment of tertiary education women have caught up and often even outperform men, substantial gender differences in earnings persist in all countries. These results are consistent with the composition of the top earnings decile. Using Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition methods, we demonstrate that the role of education in explaining the gender earnings gap has been limited and even decreased over cohorts. Contrary, employment status as well as occupation explain a more substantial part in all countries. We conclude that earnings differences at levels far from gender equality likely also persist in the future, even if the “rise of women” in terms of education continues.
Disciplines :
Sociology & social sciences
Author, co-author :
Bar-Haim, Eyal ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE)
Chauvel, Louis ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE)
Gornick, Janet
Hartung, Anne ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE)
Language :
English
Title :
The persistence of the gender earnings gap: cohort trends and the role of education in twelve countries
Publication date :
June 2018
FnR Project :
FNR9522302 - A Research Programme On Social Inequality Within The National, European And International Context, 2011 (01/06/2012-31/12/2018) - Louis Chauvel
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since 28 May 2018

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