Doctoral thesis (Dissertations and theses)
Deniability, Plaintext-Awareness, and Non-Malleability in the Quantum and Post-Quantum Setting
van Wier, Jeroen
2023
 

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Keywords :
Quantum Cryptography; Plaintext Awareness; Deniability
Abstract :
[en] Secure communication plays an important role in our everyday life, from the messages we send our friends to online access to our banking. In fact, we can hardly imagine a world without it. With quantum computers on the rise, it is critical for us to consider what security might look like in the future. Can we rely on the principles we use today? Or should we adapt them? This thesis asks exactly those questions. We will look at both the quantum setting, where we consider communication between quantum computers, and the post-quantum setting, where we consider communication between classical computers in the presence of adversaries with quantum computers. In this thesis, we will consider security questions centred around misleading others, by considering to what extent the exchange of secrets can be denied, misconstructed, or modified. We do this by exploring three security principles. Firstly, we consider deniability for quantum key exchange, which describes the ability to generate secure keys without leaving evidence. As quantum key exchange can be performed without a fully-fledged quantum computer, using basic quantumcapable machines, this concept is already close to becoming a reality. We explore the setting of public-key authenticated quantum key exchange, and define a simulationbased notion of deniability. We show how this notion can be achieved through an adapted form of BB84, using post-quantum secure strong designated-verifier signature schemes. Secondly, we consider plaintext-awareness, which addresses the security of a scheme by looking at the ability of an adversary to generate ciphertexts without knowing the plaintext. Here two settings are considered. Firstly, the post-quantum setting, in which we formalize three different plaintext-awareness notions in the superposition access model, show their achievability and the relations between them, as well as in which settings they can imply ciphertext indistinguishability. Next, the quantum setting, in which we adapt the same three plaintext-awareness notions to a setting where quantum computers are communicating with each other, and we again show achievability and relations with ciphertext indistinguishability. Lastly, we consider non-malleability, which protects a message from attacks that alter the underlying plaintext. Overcoming the notorious “recording barrier” known from generalizing other integrity-like security notions to quantum encryption, we generalize one of the equivalent classical definitions, comparison-based non-malleability, to the quantum setting and show how this new definition can be fulfilled. We also show its equivalence to the classical definition when restricted to a post-quantum setting.
Disciplines :
Computer science
Author, co-author :
van Wier, Jeroen  ;  University of Luxembourg > Interdisciplinary Centre for Security, Reliability and Trust (SNT) > APSIA
Language :
English
Title :
Deniability, Plaintext-Awareness, and Non-Malleability in the Quantum and Post-Quantum Setting
Defense date :
19 July 2023
Institution :
Unilu - University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg
Degree :
Docteur en Informatique
President :
Jury member :
Roenne, Peter 
Škoric, Boris
Available on ORBilu :
since 18 September 2023

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