Reference : Loss-of-function variants in the KCNQ5 gene are implicated in genetic generalized epi...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Genetics & genetic processes
Human health sciences : Neurology
Systems Biomedicine
Loss-of-function variants in the KCNQ5 gene are implicated in genetic generalized epilepsies
Krüger, Johanna [> >]
Schubert, Julian [> >]
Kegele, Josua [> >]
Labalme, Audrey [> >]
Mao, Miaomiao [> >]
Heighway, Jacqueline [> >]
Seebohm, Guiscard [> >]
Yan, Pu [> >]
Koko, Mahmoud [> >]
Aslan-Kara, Kezban [> >]
Caglayan, Hande [> >]
Steinhoff, Bernhard J. [> >]
Weber, Yvonne G. [> >]
Keo-Kosal, Pascale [> >]
Berkovic, Samuel F. [> >]
Hildebrand, Michael S. [> >]
Petrou, Steven [> >]
Krause, Roland mailto [University of Luxembourg > Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) > Bioinformatics Core]
May, Patrick mailto [University of Luxembourg > Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) > Bioinformatics Core]
Lesca, Gaetan [> >]
Maljevic, Snezana [> >]
Lerche, Holger [> >]
[en] Genetic generalized epilepsy ; Exome sequencing ; Loss-of-function ; Patch-clamp
[en] Summary Background De novo missense variants in KCNQ5, encoding the voltage-gated K+ channel KV7.5, have been described to cause developmental and epileptic encephalopathy (DEE) or intellectual disability (ID). We set out to identify disease-related KCNQ5 variants in genetic generalized epilepsy (GGE) and their underlying mechanisms. Methods 1292 families with GGE were studied by next-generation sequencing. Whole-cell patch-clamp recordings, biotinylation and phospholipid overlay assays were performed in mammalian cells combined with homology modelling. Findings We identified three deleterious heterozygous missense variants, one truncation and one splice site alteration in five independent families with GGE with predominant absence seizures; two variants were also associated with mild to moderate ID. All missense variants displayed a strongly decreased current density indicating a loss-of-function (LOF). When mutant channels were co-expressed with wild-type (WT) KV7.5 or KV7.5 and KV7.3 channels, three variants also revealed a significant dominant-negative effect on WT channels. Other gating parameters were unchanged. Biotinylation assays indicated a normal surface expression of the variants. The R359C variant altered PI(4,5)P2-interaction. Interpretation Our study identified deleterious KCNQ5 variants in GGE, partially combined with mild to moderate ID. The disease mechanism is a LOF partially with dominant-negative effects through functional deficits. LOF of KV7.5 channels will reduce the M-current, likely resulting in increased excitability of KV7.5-expressing neurons. Further studies on network level are necessary to understand which circuits are affected and how this induces generalized seizures. Funding DFG/FNR Research Unit FOR-2715 (Germany/Luxemburg), BMBF rare disease network Treat-ION (Germany), foundation ‘no epilep’ (Germany).
Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB): Bioinformatics Core (R. Schneider Group)
Researchers ; Professionals
FnR ; FNR16394868 > Alexander Skupin > MechEpi-2 > Epileptogenesis Of Genetic Epilepsies > 01/10/2021 > > 2021

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