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Multiple vulnerabilities: The effects of neighborhood structural changes upon older residents' mental health and perceptions of the broader community
SETTELS, Jason
2021Population Association of America 2021 Annual Meeting
 

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Keywords :
aging; depression; residence characteristics; safety; social capital; social environment; social problems
Abstract :
[en] Aims: Neighborhoods’ structural conditions are consequential for their social circumstances and residents’ well-being. Neighborhood effects might be accentuated among older residents because their daily activities and social lives are more confined to their immediate communities. This study examines how changing neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage affects older residents’ depression and stress, as well as perceptions of neighborhood context. Methods: This study employed waves 2 (2010-2011) and 3 (2015-2016) of the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project survey (N=2,357) and fixed-effects linear regression models to study these relationships. Results: While rising neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage was associated with more depression and stress, it was negatively associated with overall neighborhood social capital and neighborhood social cohesion, and was only associated with lower perceptions of neighborhood safety among respondents who relocated to new neighborhoods. Conclusions: Beyond cross-sectional associations, changing neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage is associated with changes in mental health and perceptions of neighborhood social context.
Research center :
Institute for Research on Socio‐Economic Inequality
Disciplines :
Sociology & social sciences
Author, co-author :
SETTELS, Jason  ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences (FHSE) > Department of Social Sciences (DSOC)
External co-authors :
no
Language :
English
Title :
Multiple vulnerabilities: The effects of neighborhood structural changes upon older residents' mental health and perceptions of the broader community
Publication date :
06 May 2021
Event name :
Population Association of America 2021 Annual Meeting
Event date :
May 5-8, 2021
Audience :
International
Funders :
University of Luxembourg: 2020 Research Block Grant Allocation Scheme–Merit Based Funding Scheme: Incentive B
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since 09 May 2021

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