Reference : The effect of competition and passive avoidant leadership style on the occurrence of ...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Social, industrial & organizational psychology
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/45041
The effect of competition and passive avoidant leadership style on the occurrence of workplace bullying
English
Sischka, Philipp mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences (FHSE) > Department of Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences (DBCS) >]
Schmidt, Alexander F. mailto []
Steffgen, Georges mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences (FHSE) > Department of Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences (DBCS) >]
2020
Personnel Review
Emerald Group Publishing
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
International
0048-3486
United Kingdom
[en] Workplace bullying ; Victimization ; Perpetration ; Competition ; Passive avoidant leadership
[en] Purpose – The present study aimed to investigate the main effect of competition on workplace bullying (WB) exposure and perpetration as well as its hypothesized moderation through passive avoidant leadership style. Specifically, the authors hypothesized that competition would have a stronger influence on WB when supervisors score higher on passive avoidant leadership style.
Design/methodology/approach – Data were collected among employees (N = 1,260) on Amazon’s Mechanical Turk utilizing an online survey.WBexposure and perpetration were cross-sectionally assessed via self-labeling and behavioral experience self-reports.
Findings – The results partially corroborated the proposed model. Competition and passive avoidant leadership were predictors of WB exposure and perpetration (as determined by both assessment methods). Furthermore, passive avoidant leadership moderated the relationship between competition and self-labeled WB exposure. Passive avoidant leadership only moderated the relationship between competition and selflabeled WB perpetration but not the competition–WB perpetration link assessed with the behavioral experience method.
Practical implications – This study shows that competition needs to be embedded within a leadership style sensitive to the detection of and taking action against WB phenomena.
Originality/value – While other studies have mainly focused on work stressors as antecedents of WB exposure, this study looks at the motivators and facilitators of WB occurrence. Furthermore, not only WB exposure but also WB perpetration is considered here, with the latter being an underresearched topic. Moreover, the authors used two assessment methods in order to test the generalizability of the authors’ findings.
Researchers
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/45041
10.1108/PR-09-2019-0469

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