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"Are you a boy or girl?" Who are the non-responders
HEINZ, Andreas; CATUNDA, Carolina; VAN DUIN, Claire et al.
2019HBSC Spring Meeting
 

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Keywords :
Item non-response; gender identity; bullying; well-being; LGBT
Abstract :
[en] Background: In many studies, participants who do not state their gender are excluded from the analysis. This may be appropriate if they do not answer the questionnaire seriously. However, some participants may have understandable reasons for not reporting their gender, e.g. questioning their gender identity. Objective: How many students and which students do not answer the question on gender? Methods: HBSC 2018 raw data from Ireland, Luxembourg, Belgium and France are compared. To explore the reasons for non-response, we divided the participants into 3 groups: 1. Responders answered both sociodemographic questions (age and gender) 2. age non-responders did not answer the question on age. 3. Gender non-responders answered the question on age, but not the one on gender. Results: Between 0.8% (Ireland) and 1.2% (Luxembourg) of participants did not report their gender. About half of them did not answer the age question either. However, the other half belong to the group of gender non-responders and this group is disadvantaged compared to responders: they report lower life satisfaction, lower self-rated health, more health complaints, less peer support and their WHO-5 Well-being score is lower. Not answering the question on gender is rare. If the participants answered the question on age, but not the question on gender, then the variable gender is missing not at random. Implication: The question arises whether the group of gender non-responders should be included in the analysis and whether the question on gender should be asked differently in the future.
Disciplines :
Public health, health care sciences & services
Sociology & social sciences
Author, co-author :
HEINZ, Andreas ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE)
CATUNDA, Carolina ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE)
VAN DUIN, Claire ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE)
WILLEMS, Helmut ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE)
Költő, András
Moreau, Nathalie
Godeau, Emmanuelle
External co-authors :
yes
Language :
English
Title :
"Are you a boy or girl?" Who are the non-responders
Publication date :
20 June 2019
Event name :
HBSC Spring Meeting
Event organizer :
HBSC - WHO
Event place :
Reykjavik, Iceland
Event date :
18-20 June 2019
Audience :
International
Focus Area :
Migration and Inclusive Societies
Available on ORBilu :
since 22 July 2019

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