Reference : A Prey-Predator Model of Trade Union Density and Inequality in 12 Advanced Capitalism...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Sociology & social sciences
A Prey-Predator Model of Trade Union Density and Inequality in 12 Advanced Capitalisms over Long Periods
Chauvel, Louis mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE) >]
Schröder, Martin [Philipps-Universität Marburg > Institut für Soziologie > Soziologie der Wirtschaft und Arbeit > Universitätsprofessor]
Kyklos: Internationale Zeitschrift für Sozialwissenschaften
Blackwell Publishing
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
[en] inequality ; trade unions ; auto regressive structural equation models
[en] This article shows empirically how trade union membership and income inequality are mutually related in twelve countries over more than 100 years. While past research has shown that high income inequality occurs alongside low trade union membership, we show that past income inequality actually increases trade union membership with a time lag, as trade unions recruit more members after inequality has been high. But we also show that strengthened trade unions then fight inequality, thereby destroying what helped them to recruit new members in the past. As trade union density decreases, inequality increases and eventually re-incentivises workers to join unions again. By showing this empirically, we reconceptualise the relationship between inequality and union density as a Lotka-Volterra prey and predator model, where predators eat prey – unions destroy inequality, but thereby also destroy their own basis for survival. By empirically showing that trade union density and social inequality influence each other in this way over long periods, this article contributes to a dynamic approach on how social problems and social movements interact.
Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE) > PEARL Institute for Research on Socio-Economic Inequality (IRSEI)
Fonds National de la Recherche - FnR
FnR ; FNR9522302 > Louis Chauvel > ?ProSocial? > A Research Programme on Social Inequality within the National, European and International Context > 01/06/2012 > 31/05/2017 > 2011

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