Article (Scientific journals)
Science Production in Germany, France, Belgium, and Luxembourg: Comparing the Contributions of Research Universities and Institutes to Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics, and Health
Powell, Justin J W; Dusdal, Jennifer
2017In Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 55, p. 413-434
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Keywords :
scientific production; university; research institute; institutionalization; organizational form; Science Citation Index Expanded; Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM); Belgium; France; Germany; Luxembourg; science productivity; Europe; bibliometry; health
Abstract :
[en] Charting significant growth in scientific productivity over the 20th century in four EU member states, this neo-institutional analysis describes the development and current state of universities and research institutes that bolsters Europe’s position as a key region in global science. On-going internationalization and Europeanization of higher education and science has been accompanied by increasing competition as well as collaboration. Despite the political goals to foster innovation and further expand research capacity, in cross-national and historical comparison, neither the level of R&D investments nor country size accounts completely for the differential growth of scientific productivity. Based on a comprehensive historical database, this analysis uncovers both stable and dynamic patterns of productivity from 1975 to 2010 in Ger- many, France, Belgium, and Luxembourg. Measured in peer-reviewed research articles collected in Thomson Reuters Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE), we show the varying contributions of different organizational forms, especially research universities and research institutes. Comparing the institutionalization pathways that created the conditions necessary for continuous and strong growth in scientific productivity in the European center of global science emphasizes that the research university is key organizational form across countries.
Research center :
- Education, Culture, Cognition & Society (ECCS) > Institute of Education & Society (InES)
Disciplines :
Sociology & social sciences
Education & instruction
Author, co-author :
Powell, Justin J W  ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Education, Culture, Cognition and Society (ECCS)
Dusdal, Jennifer ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Education, Culture, Cognition and Society (ECCS)
External co-authors :
no
Language :
English
Title :
Science Production in Germany, France, Belgium, and Luxembourg: Comparing the Contributions of Research Universities and Institutes to Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics, and Health
Publication date :
2017
Journal title :
Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy
ISSN :
1573-1871
Publisher :
Springer
Volume :
55
Pages :
413-434
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Focus Area :
Educational Sciences
Name of the research project :
SPHERE
Funders :
Qatar National Research Fund (NPRP 5-1021-5-159)
Available on ORBilu :
since 23 February 2017

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