Reference : Multiscale fracture across scales and time
Scientific congresses, symposiums and conference proceedings : Unpublished conference
Engineering, computing & technology : Aerospace & aeronautics engineering
Computational Sciences
Multiscale fracture across scales and time
Bordas, Stéphane mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Communication (FSTC) > Engineering Research Unit >]
Kerfriden, Pierre []
Frontiers of Engineering 2014
2014 EU-US Frontiers of Engineering Symposium
2014 November 10-12
National Academy of Engineering of the United States of America
United States of America
[en] multi-scale ; fracture ; aerospace composites
[en] Multi-scale Computational Mechanics in Aerospace Engineering

Flying is today one of the safest ways to spend our time. In the United Kingdom, for
example, it is 33,000 times more likely to die from a clinical error than from an air crash.
This is probably the consequence of over a century of experience building, starting with
the Wright brothers at the beginning of the 20th century to the most recent aerospace
developments culminating in technological giants such as the Airbus A380 and the Boeing
Dreamliner, through the enlightening catastrophic events of the "Comet Aircraft”, ``Liberty Ships'' and many others.

Yet, with the increasing urge to increase flight efficiency, decrease costs and Carbon
emissions, airlines have been pushed to drive down the weight of aircraft, whilst guaranteeing their safety. This push for lighter aircraft has progressively seen a reduction in the
use of metallic components which have been slowly replaced by composite materials.
Such composite materials are made up of two or more phases of which they exploit the
mechanical complementarity. For some applications, such as thermal barrier coatings, thermal complementarity is also leveraged.

Yet, these novel materials, and especially
their failure mechanisms and durability have proven difficult to understand, both through
physical and virtual, in silico, experiments. One of the reasons for this is the large ratio
between the size of the smallest constituent relevant in the description of failure mechanisms
(e.g. 5-10 micron diameter carbon fibres) and the size of the structure (79m wingspan A380).

In this presentation, we will briefly review advances in modeling and simulation of failure
across the scales. We will discuss non exhaustively some of the recent advances in this field, ranging
from adaptive atomistic modeling of fracture to algebraic model reduction methods for
severely non-linear problems, including homogenization. We will also discuss the relevance
of such simulations in daily engineering practice and claim that devising interactive simula-
tors able to let engineers interact with the composite structure of interest and thus develop
intuition about these advanced and complex materials.

We will conclude by making a parallel between the difficulties encountered in modeling complex aerospace components and those met in personalized medicine, by discussing briefly the concept of Digital Twin.
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students ; General public
FP7 ; 279578 - REALTCUT - Towards real time multiscale simulation of cutting in non-linear materials with applications to surgical simulation and computer guided surgery

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