Reference : Evidence from site-directed mutagenesis that the cytoplasmic domain of the beta3 subu...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology
Evidence from site-directed mutagenesis that the cytoplasmic domain of the beta3 subunit influences the conformational state of the alphaVbeta3 integrin ectodomain.
Schaffner-Reckinger, Elisabeth mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Communication (FSTC) > Life Science Research Unit >]
Brons, N. H. [> >]
Kieffer, N. [> >]
Thrombosis and haemostasis
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
[en] Amino Acid Motifs ; Amino Acid Sequence ; Amino Acid Substitution ; Animals ; Antimetabolites/pharmacology ; Binding Sites ; CHO Cells/drug effects ; Cricetinae ; Cricetulus ; Cytoskeleton/physiology ; Energy Metabolism/drug effects ; Epitopes ; Humans ; Ligands ; Manganese/pharmacology ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Mutagenesis, Site-Directed ; Oligopeptides/physiology ; Phosphorylation ; Protein Conformation ; Protein Processing, Post-Translational ; Protein Structure, Tertiary ; Receptors, Vitronectin/chemistry/genetics/physiology ; Sequence Alignment
[en] In order to explore the mechanisms leading to conformational changes of the vitronectin receptor alphavbeta3 following ligand or divalent cation binding, we have investigated the expression of epitopes known as ligand-induced binding sites (LIBS) on beta3 cytoplasmic tail mutants expressed in CHO cells. Truncation of the entire beta3 cytoplasmic domain induced constitutive LIBS exposure on alphavbeta3 and alphaIIbeta3. Deletion of the C-terminal NITY759 sequence or disruption of the NPLY747 motif by a Y747A substitution impaired extracellular conformational changes on alphavbeta3 following RGDS, echistatin or Mn2+ binding, whereas the substitutions Y747F, Y759A or Y759F allowed normal LIBS exposure. Furthermore, metabolic energy depletion totally prevented Mn2+-dependent LIBS exposure, but had only a minor effect on RGDS-induced conformational changes. Our results demonstrate that the structural integrity of the NPLY747 motif in the beta3 cytoplasmic domain, rather than potential phosphorylation of Tyr747 or Tyr759, is a prerequisite for conformational changes within the alphavbeta3 ectodomain, and suggest that two different mechanisms are responsible for RGDS- and Mn2+-dependent conformational changes.

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