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Image Enhancement for Space Surveillance and Tracking
Jamrozik, Michele Lynn; Gaudilliere, Vincent; Mohamed Ali, Mohamed Adel et al.
2022In Jamrozik, Michele Lynn; Gaudilliere, Vincent; Musallam, Mohamed Adel et al. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 73rd International Astronautical Congress
 

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Keywords :
Space Debris; Image enhancement; Deep Learning; Object tracking; Space; Artificial Intelligence; IAC-22; A6; x71536
Abstract :
[en] Images generated in space with monocular camera payloads suffer degradations that hinder their utility in precision tracking applications including debris identification, removal, and in-orbit servicing. To address the substandard quality of images captured in space and make them more reliable in space object tracking applications, several Image Enhancement (IE) techniques are investigated in this work. In addition, two novel space IE methods were developed. The first method called REVEAL, relies upon the application of more traditional image processing enhancement techniques and assumes a Retinex image formation model. A subsequent method, based on a UNet Deep Learning (DL) model was also developed. Image degradations addressed include blurring, exposure issues, poor contrast, and noise. The shortage of space-generated data suitable for supervised DL is also addressed. A visual comparison of both techniques developed was conducted and compared against the current state-of-the-art in DL-based IE methods relevant to images captured in space. It is determined in this work that both the REVEAL and the UNet-based DL solutions developed are well suited to correct for the degradations most often found in space images. In addition, it has been found that enhancing images in a pre-processing stage facilitates the subsequent extraction of object contours and metrics. By extracting information through image metrics, object properties such as size and orientation that enable more precise space object tracking may be more easily determined. Keywords: Deep Learning, Space, Image Enhancement, Space Debris
Research center :
University of Luxembourg > Interdisciplinary Centre for Security, Reliability and Trust (SNT) > >
Disciplines :
Computer science
Author, co-author :
Jamrozik, Michele Lynn ;  University of Luxembourg > Interdisciplinary Centre for Security, Reliability and Trust (SNT) > CVI2
Gaudilliere, Vincent ;  University of Luxembourg > Interdisciplinary Centre for Security, Reliability and Trust (SNT) > CVI2
Mohamed Ali, Mohamed Adel ;  University of Luxembourg > Interdisciplinary Centre for Security, Reliability and Trust (SNT) > CVI2
Aouada, Djamila  ;  University of Luxembourg > Interdisciplinary Centre for Security, Reliability and Trust (SNT) > CVI2
External co-authors :
no
Language :
English
Title :
Image Enhancement for Space Surveillance and Tracking
Publication date :
2022
Event name :
International Astronautical Congress
Event organizer :
International Astronautical Federation
Event place :
Paris, France
Event date :
from 18-09-22 to 22-09-22
Audience :
International
Main work title :
Proceedings of the 73rd International Astronautical Congress
Author, co-author :
Publisher :
International Astronautical Federation, Paris, France
Focus Area :
Computational Sciences
FnR Project :
FNR14755859 - Multi-modal Fusion Of Electro-optical Sensors For Spacecraft Pose Estimation Towards Autonomous In-orbit Operations, 2020 (01/01/2021-31/12/2023) - Djamila Aouada
Funders :
FNR - Fonds National de la Recherche [LU]
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since 23 February 2023

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