Article (Scientific journals)
European fitness landscape for children and adolescents: updated reference values, fitness maps and country rankings based on nearly 8 million test results from 34 countries gathered by the FitBack network
Ortega, Francisco; Leskosek, Bojan; Blagus, Rok et al.
2023In British Journal of Sports Medicine
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Abstract :
[en] Objectives (1) To develop reference values for health-related fitness in European children and adolescents aged 6–18 years that are the foundation for the web-based, open-access and multilanguage fitness platform (FitBack); (2) to provide comparisons across European countries. Methods This study builds on a previous large fitness reference study in European youth by (1) widening the age demographic, (2) identifying the most recent and representative country-level data and (3) including national data from existing fitness surveillance and monitoring systems. We used the Assessing Levels of Physical Activity and fitness at population level (ALPHA) test battery as it comprises tests with the highest test–retest reliability, criterion/construct validity and health-related predictive validity: the 20 m shuttle run (cardiorespiratory fitness); handgrip strength and standing long jump (muscular strength); and body height, body mass, body mass index and waist circumference (anthropometry). Percentile values were obtained using the generalised additive models for location, scale and shape method. Results A total of 7 966 693 test results from 34 countries (106 datasets) were used to develop sex-specific and age-specific percentile values. In addition, country-level rankings based on mean percentiles are provided for each fitness test, as well as an overall fitness ranking. Finally, an interactive fitness platform, including individual and group reporting and European fitness maps, is provided and freely available online (www.fitbackeurope.eu).
Disciplines :
Human health sciences: Multidisciplinary, general & others
Author, co-author :
Ortega, Francisco
Leskosek, Bojan
Blagus, Rok
Gil-Cosano, José
Mäestu, Jarek
Tomkinson, Grant
Ruiz, Jonatan
Mäestu, Evelin
Starc, Gregor
Milanovic, Ivana
Tammelin, Tuija
Soric, Maroje
Scheuer, Claude ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences (FHSE) > Department of Education and Social Work (DESW)
Carraro, Attilio
Kaj, Monika
Csanyi, Tamas
Sardinha, Luis
Lenoir, Matthieu
Emeljanovas, Arunas
Mieziene, Brigita
Sidossis, Labros
Pihu, Maret
Lovecchio, Nicola
Konstabel, Kenn
Tambalis, Konstantinos
Stefan, Lovro
Drenowatz, Clemens
Rubin, Lukas
Gontarev, Seryozha
Castro-Pinero, José
Vanhelst, Jérémy
O'Keeffe, Brendan
Veiga, Oscar
Gisladottir, Thordis
Sandercock, Gavin
Misigoj-Durakovic, Marjeta
Niessner, Claudia
Riso, Eva-Maria
Popovic, Stevo
Kuu, Saima
Chinapaw, Mai
Clavel, Ivan
Labayen, Idoia
Dobosz, Janusz
Colella, Dario
Kriemler, Susi
Salaj, Sanja
Noriega, Maria Jose
Bös, Klaus
Sanchez-Lopez, Mairena
Lakka, Timo
Tabacchi, Garden
Novak, Dario
Ahrens, Wolfgang
Wedderkopp, Niels
Jurak, Gregor
FitBack consortium
HELENA consortium
IDEFICS consortium
More authors (49 more) Less
External co-authors :
yes
Language :
English
Title :
European fitness landscape for children and adolescents: updated reference values, fitness maps and country rankings based on nearly 8 million test results from 34 countries gathered by the FitBack network
Publication date :
09 January 2023
Journal title :
British Journal of Sports Medicine
ISSN :
1473-0480
Publisher :
BMJ Publishing Group, London, United Kingdom
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Available on ORBilu :
since 11 January 2023

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