Reference : Cortical responses to letters and ambiguous speech vary with reading skills in dyslex...
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Multidisciplinary, general & others
Cortical responses to letters and ambiguous speech vary with reading skills in dyslexic and typically reading children
Romanovska, Linda mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences (FHSE) > LUCET >]
Janssen, Roef [Maastricht University > Cognitive Neuroscience]
Bonte, Milene [Maastricht University > Cognitive Neuroscience]
NeuroImage: Clinical
[en] dyslexia ; text-based recalibration ; audio-visual integration ; speech perception ; reading development ; fMRI
[en] One of the proposed issues underlying reading difficulties in dyslexia is insufficiently automatized letter-speech sound associations. In the current fMRI experiment, we employ text-based recalibration to investigate letter- speech sound mappings in 8–10 year-old children with and without dyslexia. Here an ambiguous speech sound /a?a/ midway between /aba/ and /ada/ is combined with disambiguating “aba” or “ada” text causing a perceptual shift of the ambiguous /a?a/ sound towards the text (recalibration). This perceptual shift has been found to be reduced in adults but not in children with dyslexia compared to typical readers. Our fMRI results show significantly reduced activation in the left fusiform in dyslexic compared to typical readers, despite comparable behavioural performance. Furthermore, enhanced audio-visual activation within this region was linked to better reading and phonological skills. In contrast, higher activation in bilateral superior temporal cortex was associated with lower letter-speech sound identification fluency. These findings reflect individual differences during the early stages of reading development with reduced recruitment of the left fusiform in dyslexic readers together with an increased involvement of the superior temporal cortex in children with less automatized letter-speech sound associations.
Maastricht Brain Imaging Centre

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