Reference : A six month randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of weekly exenatide in...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology
Systems Biomedicine
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/51680
A six month randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of weekly exenatide in adolescents with obesity
English
Weghuber, Daniel []
Forslund, Anders []
Ahlström, Hakan []
Bergström, Kristine []
Cadamuro, Janne []
Ciba, Iris []
Dahlborn, Marie []
Heu, Verena []
Hofmann, Johannes []
Kristinsson, Hjalti []
Kullberg, Joel []
Ladinger, Andrea []
Lagler, Florian []
Lidström, Malte []
Manell, Hannes []
Meirik, Malin []
Morwald, Katharina []
Roomp []
Schneider, Reinhard mailto [University of Luxembourg > Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) > >]
Vilen, Helena []
Widhalm, Kurt []
Zsoldos, Fanni []
Bergsten, Peter []
2020
Pediatric Obesity
Yes
International
[en] Background: Pharmacological treatment options for adolescents with obesity are very limited.
Glucagon-like-peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor-agonist could be a treatment option for adolescent
obesity.
Objective: To investigate the effect of exenatide extended-release on body-mass-index (BMI)-
SDS as primary outcome, and glucose-metabolism, cardiometabolic risk factors liver steatosis,
and other BMI metrics as secondary outcomes, and its safety and tolerability in adolescents
with obesity.
Methods: Six-months, randomized, double-blinded, parallel, placebo-controlled clinical trial
in patients (n=44, 10-18 years, females n=22) with BMI-SDS>2.0 or age-adapted-BMI>30
kg/m² according to WHO were included. Patients received lifestyle intervention and were
randomized to exenatide extended-release 2 mg (n=22) or placebo (n=22) sub-cutaneousinjections
given once weekly. Oral-glucose-tolerance-tests (OGTT) were conducted at the
beginning and end of the intervention.
Results: Exenatide reduced (p<0.05) BMI-SDS (-0.09; -0.18, 0.00), % BMI 95th percentile (-
2.9%; -5.4, -0.3), weight (-3 kg; -5.8, -0.1), waist circumference (-3.2 cm; -5.8, -0.7),
subcutaneous adipose tissue (-552 cm3; -989, -114), 2-hour-glucose during OGTT (-15.3
mg/dL; -27.5, -3.1), total cholesterol (11.6 mg/dL; -21.7, -1.5) and BMI (-0.83 kg/m²; -1.68,
0.01) without significant change in liver fat content (-1.36; -3.12, 0.4; p=0.06) in comparison
to placebo. Safety and tolerability profiles were comparable to placebo with the exception of
mild adverse events being more frequent in exenatide-treated patients.
Conclusions: Treatment of adolescents with severe obesity with extended-release exenatide is
generally well tolerated and leads to a modest reduction in BMI metrics and improvement in
glucose tolerance and cholesterol. The study indicates that the treatment provides additional
beneficial effects beyond BMI-reduction for the patient group.
Researchers
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/51680
FP7 ; 279153 - BETA-JUDO - Beta-cell function in juvenile diabetes and obesity

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