Reference : Dynamics of Achievement inequalities: the role of performance and choice in Chile
E-prints/Working papers : First made available on ORBilu
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Sociology & social sciences
Educational Sciences
Dynamics of Achievement inequalities: the role of performance and choice in Chile
Ceron, Francisco mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences (FHSE) > Department of Social Sciences (DSOC) >]
Bol, Thijs mailto [Universiteit van Amsterdam - UvA > Sociology]
Van de Werfhorst, Herman mailto [Universiteit van Amsterdam - UvA > Sociology]
[en] achievement inequality ; primary effects ; parents' preferences ; school effects ; private schools
[en] Research on education inequalities has long-established the relationship between
the social composition of of schools and achievement levels. However, the empirical
study of the social processes in choosing schools and their potential effects on
achievement inequalities has often been neglected. This article investigates the
extent to which such social processes, related to parents’ educational preferences
and expectations, influence the development of students’ achievement inequalities
throughout their schooling career, through shaping school communities, as
a channel of transmission of socioeconomic inequality. Using longitudinal census
data from Chile, which allows us to observe students’ achievements between
the 4th and 10th grades, we find support for the claim that the development
of achievement inequalities operate partly through well-off parents’ educational
preferences and expectations. Moreover, these preferences and beliefs explain
most of the social composition effect of schools on achievement inequalities. We
conclude that choice processes should be considered as an integral part of theories
aimed to explain achievement inequalities as a dynamic process.
AISSR, University of Amsterdam
Programme of Advance Human Capital, National Commission of Scientific and Technological Research of Chile (CONICYT PFCHA), Grant 72140619
Dynamics of inequality of educational opportunity and learning in Chile and Latin America
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students
Preprint. Forthcoming, International Journal of Educational Development

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