Reference : Active reconfiguration of cytoplasmic lipid droplets governs migration of nutrient-li...
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Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Multidisciplinary, general & others
Physics and Materials Science
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/49882
Active reconfiguration of cytoplasmic lipid droplets governs migration of nutrient-limited phytoplankton
English
Sengupta, Anupam mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Medicine (FSTM) > Department of Physics and Materials Science (DPHYMS) >]
Dhar, Jayabrata [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Medicine (FSTM) > Department of Physics and Materials Science (DPHYMS) >]
Danza, Francesco []
Ghoshal, Arkajyoti [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Medicine (FSTM) > Department of Physics and Materials Science (DPHYMS) >]
Mueller, Sarah []
Kakavand, Narges [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Medicine (FSTM) > Department of Physics and Materials Science (DPHYMS) >]
Oct-2021
23
No
[en] phytoplankton ; lipid droplets ; nutrient limitation ; active matter ; motility ; morphology
[en] As open oceans continue to warm, modified currents and enhanced stratification exacerbate nitrogen and phosphorus limitation, constraining primary production. The ability to migrate vertically bestows motile phytoplankton a crucial–albeit energetically expensive–advantage toward vertically redistributing for optimal growth, uptake and resource storage in nutrient-limited water columns. However, this traditional view discounts the possibility that the phytoplankton migration strategy may be actively selected by the storage dynamics when nutrients turn limiting. Here we report that storage and migration in phytoplankton are coupled traits, whereby motile species harness energy storing lipid droplets (LDs) to biomechanically regulate migration in nutrient limited settings. LDs grow and translocate–directionally–within the cytoplasm to accumulate below the cell nucleus, tuning the speed, trajectory and stability of swimming cells. Nutrient reincorporation reverses the LD translocation, restoring the homeostatic migratory traits measured in population-scale millifluidic experiments. Combining intracellular LD tracking and quantitative morphological analysis of red-tide forming alga, Heterosigma akashiwo, along with a model of cell mechanics, we discover that the size and spatial localization of growing LDs govern the ballisticity and orientational stability of migration. The strain-specific shifts in migration which we identify here are amenable to a selective emergence of mixotrophy in nutrient-limited phytoplankton. We rationalize these distinct behavioral acclimatization in an ecological context, relying on concomitant tracking of the photophysiology and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, and propose a dissipative energy budget for motile phytoplankton alleviating nutrient limitation. The emergent resource acquisition strategies, enabled by distinct strain-specific migratory acclimatizing mechanisms, highlight the active role of the reconfigurable cytoplasmic LDs in guiding vertical movement. By uncovering the mechanistic coupling between dynamics of intracellular changes to physiologically-governed migration strategies, this work offers a tractable framework to delineate diverse strategies which phytoplankton may harness to maximize fitness and resource pool in nutrient-limited open oceans of the future.
University of Luxembourg, Department of Physics and Materials Science
Fonds National de la Recherche - FnR ; International Human Frontier Science Program Organization ; Swiss National Science Foundation
ATTRACT Investigator Grant (No. A17/MS/11572821/MBRACE)
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students ; General public ; Others
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/49882
10.1101/2021.10.17.463831
https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2021.10.17.463831v1.full
https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2021.10.17.463831v1.full
FnR ; FNR11572821 > Anupam Sengupta > MBRACE > Biophysics Of Microbial Adaptation To Fluctuations In The Environment > 15/05/2018 > 14/05/2023 > 2017

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