Reference : Goffin's Cockatoos (Cacatua goffiniana) Can Solve a Novel Problem After Conflicting P...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Animal psychology, ethology & psychobiology
Goffin's Cockatoos (Cacatua goffiniana) Can Solve a Novel Problem After Conflicting Past Experiences
Bobrowicz, Katarzyna mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences (FHSE) > Department of Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences (DBCS) >]
O'Hara, Mark [University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna > Messerli Research Institute]
Carminito, Chelsea [University of Edinburgh > Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies]
Auersperg, Alice [University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna > Messerli Research Institute]
Osvath, Mathias [Lund University > Department of Philosophy and Cognitive Science]
Frontiers in Psychology
Frontiers Media S.A.
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
[en] animal cognition ; flexibility ; problem solving
[en] Novel problems often partially overlap with familiar ones. Some features match the qualities of previous situations stored in long-term memory and therefore trigger their retrieval. Using relevant, while inhibiting irrelevant, memories to solve novel problems is a hallmark of behavioral flexibility in humans and has recently been demonstrated in great apes. This capacity has been proposed to promote technical innovativeness and thus warrants investigations of such a mechanism in other innovative species. Here, we show that proficient tool—users among Goffin's cockatoos—an innovative tool—using species—could use a relevant previous experience to solve a novel, partially overlapping problem, even despite a conflicting, potentially misleading, experience. This suggests that selecting relevant experiences over irrelevant experiences guides problem solving at least in some Goffin's cockatoos. Our result supports the hypothesis that flexible memory functions may promote technical innovations.
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students ; General public

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