Reference : The Causes and Consequences of Early-Adult Unemployment: Evidence from Cohort Data
Scientific journals : Article
Business & economic sciences : Microeconomics
The Causes and Consequences of Early-Adult Unemployment: Evidence from Cohort Data
Clark, Andrew mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE) >]
Lepinteur, Anthony mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences (FHSE) > Department of Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences (DBCS) >]
Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
[en] Unemployment ; Life Satisfaction ; Childhood ; Social Norms
[en] We here use the employment-history data from the British Cohort Study to calculate an individual’s
total experience of unemployment from the time they left education up to age 30. We show that,
conditional on current unemployment, this experience is negatively correlated with the life
satisfaction that the individual reports at age 30, so that past unemployment scars. We also identify the childhood circumstances and family background that predict this adult unemployment
experience. Educational achievement and good behaviour at age 16 both reduce adult
unemployment experience, and emotional health at age 16 is a particularly strong predictor of
unemployment experience for women. Both boys and girls reproduce on average their parents’
unemployment, so that adult unemployment experience is transmitted between generations. We
uncover evidence of a social-norm effect: children from less-advantaged backgrounds both
experience more adult unemployment but are less affected by it in well-being.

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