Article (Scientific journals)
Unraveling Molecular Mechanisms of THAP1 Missense Mutations in DYT6 Dystonia
Krüger, Rejko; Cheng, Fubo; Walter, Michael et al.
2020In Journal of Molecular Neuroscience
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Keywords :
DYT6 dystonia; THAP1; Missense mutation; Microarray analysis; Synaptic function; Protein stability
Abstract :
[en] Mutations in THAP1 (THAP domain-containing apoptosis-associated protein 1) are responsible for DYT6 dystonia. Until now, more than eighty differentmutations in THAP1 gene have been found in patientswith primary dystonia, and two third of them are missense mutations. The potential pathogeneses of these missense mutations in human are largely elusive. In the present study, we generated stable transfected human neuronal cell lines expressing wild-type or mutated THAP1 proteins found in DYT6 patients. Transcriptional profiling using microarrays revealed a set of 28 common genes dysregulated in two mutated THAP1 (S21T and F81L) overexpression cell lines suggesting a common mechanism of these mutations. ChIP-seq showed that THAP1 can bind to the promoter of one of these genes, superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2). Overexpression of THAP1 in SK-N-AS cells resulted in increased SOD2 protein expression, whereas fibroblasts from THAP1 patients have less SOD2 expression, which indicates that SOD2 is a direct target gene of THAP1. In addition, we show that some THAP1 mutations (C54Y and F81L) decrease the protein stability which might also be responsible for altered transcription regulation due to dosage insufficiency. Taking together, the current study showed different potential pathogenic mechanisms of THAP1 mutations which lead to the same consequence of DYT6 dystonia.
Disciplines :
Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology
Author, co-author :
Krüger, Rejko ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Communication (FSTC) > Life Science Research Unit
Cheng, Fubo;  Institute of Medical Genetics and Applied Genomics, University Hospital of Tuebingen
Walter, Michael;  Institute of Medical Genetics and Applied Genomics, University Hospital of Tuebingen
Riess, Olaf;  Institute of Medical Genetics and Applied Genomics, University Hospital of Tuebingen
Wassouf, Zinah;  Institute of Medical Genetics and Applied Genomics, University Hospital of Tuebingen
Hentrich, Thomas;  Institute of Medical Genetics and Applied Genomics, University Hospital of Tuebingen
Schulze-Hentrich, Julia;  Institute of Medical Genetics and Applied Genomics, University Hospital of Tuebingen
Barbuti, Peter ;  University of Luxembourg > Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB)
Grundmann-Hauser, Kathrin;  Institute of Medical Genetics and Applied Genomics, University Hospital of Tuebingen
Ott, Thomas;  Institute of Medical Genetics and Applied Genomics, University Hospital of Tuebingen
Casadei, Nicolas;  DFG NGS Competence Center Tuebingen (NCCT), University Hospital of Tuebingen
External co-authors :
yes
Language :
English
Title :
Unraveling Molecular Mechanisms of THAP1 Missense Mutations in DYT6 Dystonia
Publication date :
January 2020
Journal title :
Journal of Molecular Neuroscience
ISSN :
1559-1166
Publisher :
Humana Press, Totowa, United States - New Jersey
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Focus Area :
Systems Biomedicine
Funders :
Fortune junior grant, University of Tuebingen
Available on ORBilu :
since 19 July 2020

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