Article (Scientific journals)
Assessing Task-orientation Potential in Primary Science Textbooks: Toward a New Approach
Andersen, Katja Natalie
2020In Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 57 (4), p. 481-509
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Keywords :
task orientation; cognitive activation; science textbooks; primary science education
Abstract :
[en] Task orientation is currently a prominent concept under discussion in primary school didactics. It focuses on tasks along which pupils acquire competences on distinct levels of competence. The qualitative empirical study TAPSE (Textbook Analysis in Primary Science Education) pursues the question which conception of task orientation is present in current textbooks in primary science education. The study follows two foci: (a) The introduction of a new category system for the analysis of the task-orientation potential of tasks, based on the further development of existing category systems for analyzing tasks; and (b) the analysis of 994 task statements in science textbooks with respect to the didactic quality of their task orientation. The sample included nine primary science textbooks, four from Germany, and five from Luxembourg. Textbooks were selected from the most frequently sold series in the respective country. All tasks of the textbooks were analyzed deductively and inductively by four coders in three steps: (a) Identifying tasks with task-oriented potential; (b) itemizing different types of task-orientation potential; and (c) comparing the textbooks with respect to countryand period-specific manifestations of task orientation. Analysis indicated that (a) there are few tasks which meet the criteria of task orientation; (b) distinct types of task orientation can be generated, among which implicit forms dominate; and (c) differences occur in the characteristics of task orientation between older and newer textbooks as well as between German and Luxembourgish ones. Central points of discussion ensue from this: The need to develop models for social and cognitive activation for tasks, challenges for professional development for teachers, and support for pupils—in particular high achieving heterogenization.
Disciplines :
Education & instruction
Author, co-author :
Andersen, Katja Natalie  ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Education, Culture, Cognition and Society (ECCS)
External co-authors :
no
Language :
English
Title :
Assessing Task-orientation Potential in Primary Science Textbooks: Toward a New Approach
Publication date :
2020
Journal title :
Journal of Research in Science Teaching
ISSN :
1098-2736
Publisher :
John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, United States - New Jersey
Volume :
57
Issue :
4
Pages :
481-509
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Focus Area :
Educational Sciences
Name of the research project :
TAPSE
Funders :
University of Luxembourg - UL
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since 17 September 2019

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