Reference : A Tale of Two Theories: Government by Judiciary Theory Versus Guardianship of the Jur...
Scientific journals : Article
Law, criminology & political science : Judicial law
Law / European Law
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/40261
A Tale of Two Theories: Government by Judiciary Theory Versus Guardianship of the Jurist Theory
English
Al Hajjaji, Shams Al Din mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Law, Economics and Finance (FDEF) > Law Research Unit >]
May-2019
Emory International Law Review
33
Yes
International
[en] This research argues that Muslim scholars developed two theories of government over time. Even tough Islamic scholars—Shia and Sunni—agree on mandating the highest level of legal knowledge in any member of the Islamic government, they disagree on the legal nature of these members, whether they are judges, or jurists. Shia Islamic scholars adopted the theory of the guardianship of the jurist (Wilayat al-Faqih in Arabic, or Vilayat e-Faqih in Farsi). Unlike Sunni scholars, the Shia has developed a practical approach to apply their theory of government in practice. A prominent example of this theory is the Iranian practice of the Guardianship of the Jurist Theory. Sunni Islamic scholars adopt the theory of government by judiciary (Wilayat Al-Qadi). The assumption of this theory is that member of the government are judges. This is based on the assumption that Prophet Mohamed was a judge with enumerated executive authorities, namely the collection of Sadaqat (state financial revenue), military power, and foreign affairs’ representation. This theory has never been in practice since the assassination of the first four successors of the Prophet. This research is divided into three major sections. The first deals with the theory of Sunni-Muslim scholars, which is government by judiciary. The second section presents the theory of Shia-Muslim scholars, which is guardianship of the jurist. The last section deals with the major five distinctions between the two theories.
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students ; General public
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/40261
http://law.emory.edu/eilr/content/volume-33/issue-4/articles/two-theories-government-judiciary-guardianship-jurist.html

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