Reference : Contextual Cueing of Visuo-Spatial Attention: Implicit or Explicit Learning?
Scientific congresses, symposiums and conference proceedings : Unpublished conference
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Theoretical & cognitive psychology
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/38845
Contextual Cueing of Visuo-Spatial Attention: Implicit or Explicit Learning?
English
Reuter, Robert mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Education, Culture, Cognition and Society (ECCS) >]
Cleeremans, Axel [Université Libre de Bruxelles - ULB]
4-May-2001
No
No
National
Annual Meeting of the Belgian Psychological Society
4-05-2001
Belgian Psychological Society
Louvain-la-Neuve
Belgium
[en] Contextual cueing ; implicit learning
[en] Chun and colleagues (Chun et al. 1998, 1999; Chun, 2000) have recently demonstrated that visuo-spatial attention can be guided by top-down visual knowledge. In a visual search task Ss have indeed be shown to efficiently use global context (the spatial layout of distractor items) to detect targets. Visual search RTs are thus faster when Ss respond to targets imbedded in invariant (repeated or learned) visual configurations than in variable (unrepeated) configurations. ‘Contextual cueing effects’ have been observed despite poor explicit recognition performance for the invariant configurations. The present study replicates the contextual cueing effect with more heterogeneously distributed distractor configurations. Furthermore, while explicit recognition scores suggest that Ss can discriminate between invariant and variant visual configurations, no correlation was observed between recognition and search performance. These results will be discussed in the context ongoing controversy about the extent to which learning can be implicit.
Researchers
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/38845

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