Reference : Conservation Laws in Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics: Stochastic Processes, Chemical Re...
Dissertations and theses : Doctoral thesis
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Physics
Physics and Materials Science
Conservation Laws in Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics: Stochastic Processes, Chemical Reaction Networks, and Information Processing
Rao, Riccardo mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Communication (FSTC) > Physics and Materials Science Research Unit >]
University of Luxembourg, ​Luxembourg, ​​Luxembourg
ix, 223
Esposito, Massimiliano mailto
Wirtz, Ludger mailto
Gaspard, Pierre mailto
Ouldridge, Thomas mailto
Skupin, Alexander mailto
[en] stochastic thermodynamics ; chemical reaction networks ; fluctuation theorem
[en] Thermodynamics has a long history. It was established during the 19th century as a phenomenological theory grasping the principles underlying heat engines. In the 20th and 21st centuries its range of applicability was extended to nonequilibrium stochastic and chemical processes. However a systematic procedure to identify the thermodynamic forces at work in these systems was lacking. In this thesis, we provide one by making use of conservation laws. Of particular importance are the conservation laws which are broken when putting the system in contact with different reservoirs (thermostats or chemostats). These laws depend on the internal structure of the system and are specific to each system. We introduce a systematic procedure to identify them and show how they shape the entropy production (i.e. the dissipation) into fundamental contributions. Each of these provides precious insight on how to drive and control the system out of equilibrium. We first present our results at the level of phenomenological thermodynamics. We then show that they can be systematically derived for various dynamics: Markov jump processes used in stochastic thermodynamics, also including the chemical master equation, and deterministic chemical rate equations with and without diffusion, which are used to describe chemical reaction networks. Generalized nonequilibrium Landauer principles ensue form our theory. They predict that the minimal thermodynamic cost necessary to transform the system from an arbitrary nonequilibrium state to another can be expressed in terms of information metrics such as relative entropies between the equilibrium and nonequilibrium states of the system.
Fonds National de la Recherche - FnR
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students
FnR ; FNR9114110 > Riccardo Rao > ThermoAccu > Thermodynamic cost of Accuracy in Biological Processes > 01/11/2014 > 31/10/2018 > 2014

File(s) associated to this reference

Fulltext file(s):

Open access
thesis.pdfAuthor postprint5.81 MBView/Open

Bookmark and Share SFX Query

All documents in ORBilu are protected by a user license.