Reference : Selective visual representation of letters and words in the left ventral occipito-tem...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Neurosciences & behavior
Selective visual representation of letters and words in the left ventral occipito-temporal cortex with intracerebral recordings.
Lochy, Aliette mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Education, Culture, Cognition and Society (ECCS)]
Jacques, Corentin [> >]
Maillard, Louis [> >]
Colnat-Coulbois, Sophie [> >]
Rossion, Bruno [> >]
Jonas, Jacques [> >]
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
United States
[en] Adult ; Brain Mapping/instrumentation/methods ; Drug Resistant Epilepsy/diagnosis ; Electrocorticography/instrumentation/methods ; Electrodes ; Epilepsies, Partial/diagnosis ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Occipital Lobe/physiology ; Pattern Recognition, Visual/physiology ; Reading ; Temporal Lobe/physiology ; SEEG ; fusiform gyrus ; intracerebral recordings ; lexical representation ; word reading
[en] We report a comprehensive cartography of selective responses to visual letters and words in the human ventral occipito-temporal cortex (VOTC) with direct neural recordings, clarifying key aspects of the neural basis of reading. Intracerebral recordings were performed in a large group of patients (n = 37) presented with visual words inserted periodically in rapid sequences of pseudofonts, nonwords, or pseudowords, enabling classification of responses at three levels of word processing: letter, prelexical, and lexical. While letter-selective responses are found in much of the VOTC, with a higher proportion in left posterior regions, prelexical/lexical responses are confined to the middle and anterior sections of the left fusiform gyrus. This region overlaps with and extends more anteriorly than the visual word form area typically identified with functional magnetic resonance imaging. In this region, prelexical responses provide evidence for populations of neurons sensitive to the statistical regularity of letter combinations independently of lexical responses to familiar words. Despite extensive sampling in anterior ventral temporal regions, there is no hierarchical organization between prelexical and lexical responses in the left fusiform gyrus. Overall, distinct word processing levels depend on neural populations that are spatially intermingled rather than organized according to a strict postero-anterior hierarchy in the left VOTC.
FnR ; FNR11015111 > Christine Schiltz > Face perception > Understanding the relationship between electrophysiological indexes of faceperception with fast perodic visual stimulation and explicit behavioralmeasures > 01/10/2016 > 30/09/2020 > 2015

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