Reference : Continuous gravimetric monitoring as an integrative tool for exploring hydrological p...
Scientific congresses, symposiums and conference proceedings : Unpublished conference
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Earth sciences & physical geography
Continuous gravimetric monitoring as an integrative tool for exploring hydrological processes in the Lomme Karst System (Belgium)
Watlet, A. [> >]
Van Camp, M. J. [> >]
Poulain, A. [> >]
Hallet, V. [> >]
Rochez, G. [> >]
Quinif, Y. [> >]
Meus, P. [> >]
Kaufmann, O. [> >]
Francis, Olivier mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Communication (FSTC) > Engineering Research Unit]
American Geophysical Union
12-12-2016 to 16-12-2016
San Francisco
[en] 1829 Groundwater hydrology ; HYDROLOGYDE: 1835 Hydrogeophysics ; HYDROLOGYDE: 1880 Water management ; HYDROLOGY
[en] Karst systems are highly heterogeneous which makes their hydrology difficult to understand. Geophysical techniques offer non-invasive and integrative methods that help interpreting such systems as a whole. Among these techniques, gravimetry has been increasingly used in the last decade to characterize the hydrological behavior of complex systems, e.g. karst environments or volcanoes. We present a continuous microgravimetric monitoring of 3 years in the karstic area of Rochefort (Belgium), that shows multiple occurrences of caves and karstic features. The gravity record includes measurements of a GWR superconducting gravimeter, a Micro-g LaCoste gPhone and an absolute FG5 gravimeter. Together with meteorological measurements and a surface/in-cave hydrogeological monitoring, we were able to improve the knowledge of hydrological processes. On the one hand, the data allowed identifying seasonal groundwater content changes in the unsaturated zone of the karst area, most likely to be linked to temporary groundwater storage occurring in the most karstified layers closed to the surface. Combined with additional geological information, modelling of the gravity signal based on the vertical potential of the gravitational attraction was then particularly useful to estimate the seasonal recharge leading to the temporary subsurface groundwater storage. On the other hand, the gravity monitoring of flash floods occurring in deeper layers after intense rainfall events informed on the effective porosity gradient of the limestones. Modelling was then helpful to identify the hydrogeological role played by the cave galleries with respect to the hosting limestones during flash floods. These results are also compared with measurements of an in-cave gravimetric monitoring performed with a gPhone spring gravimeter. An Electrical Resistivity Tomography monitoring is also conducted at site and brings additional information useful to verify the interpretation made with the gravimetric monitoring

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