Article (Scientific journals)
Inequality in old age cognition across the world
Olivera, Javier; Andreoli, Francesco; Leist, Anja et al.
2018In Economics and Human Biology, 29, p. 179-188
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Keywords :
cognitive function; inequality; older age; inequality of opportunity; Health and Retirement Studies; education
Abstract :
[en] Although cohort and country differences in average cognitive levels are well established, identifying the degree and determinants of inequalities in old age cognitive functioning could guide public health and policymaking efforts. We use all publicly available and representative old age surveys with comparable information to assess inequalities of cognitive functioning in six distinctive age groups of 29 countries. We document that cognitive inequalities in old age are largely determined by earlier educational inequalities as well as gender differential survival rates. For example, a one percentage point increase in the Gini index of past education is associated with an increase of 0.45 percentage points in the Gini index of delayed recall and 0.23 percentage points in the Gini of immediate recall. Results are robust to a variety of alternative explanations and persist even after controlling for gender-related biases in survival rates. Furthermore, we find evidence that unequal opportunities for education -captured by differences in parental background and gender- also have significant effects on inequality of old age cognition.
Research center :
- Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE) > PEARL Institute for Research on Socio-Economic Inequality (IRSEI)
Disciplines :
Special economic topics (health, labor, transportation...)
Sociology & social sciences
Author, co-author :
Olivera, Javier
Andreoli, Francesco
Leist, Anja  ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE)
Chauvel, Louis ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE)
External co-authors :
no
Language :
English
Title :
Inequality in old age cognition across the world
Publication date :
May 2018
Journal title :
Economics and Human Biology
ISSN :
1873-6130
Publisher :
Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Volume :
29
Pages :
179-188
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Name of the research project :
R-STR-3064-00 > PEARL-Inst Socio-Economic Inequality > 01/01/2014 - 19/01/2048 > CHAUVEL Louis
Funders :
FNR - Fonds National de la Recherche [LU]
Available on ORBilu :
since 27 March 2018

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