Reference : Diagnostic Competencies of Teachers: Accuracy of Judgement, Sources of Biases, and Co...
Dissertations and theses : Doctoral thesis
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Education & instruction
Diagnostic Competencies of Teachers: Accuracy of Judgement, Sources of Biases, and Consequences of (Mis-) Judgement
Wollschläger, Rachel mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Luxembourg Centre for Educational Testing (LUCET) >]
University of Trier, ​Trier, ​​Germany
Dr. rer. nat.
Preckel, Franzis
Steinmayr, Ricarda
[en] teacher judgement ; judgement accuracy ; biases in judgement
[en] Educational assessment tends to rely on more or less standardized tests, teacher judgments, and observations. Although teachers spend approximately half of their professional conduct in assessment-related activities, most of them enter their professional life unprepared, as classroom assessment is often not part of their educational training. Since teacher judgments matter for the educational development of students, the judgments should be up to a high standard. The present dissertation comprises three studies focusing on accuracy of teacher judgments (Study 1), consequences of (mis-)judgment regarding teacher nomination for gifted programming (Study 2) and teacher recommendations for secondary school tracks (Study 3), and individual student characteristics that impact and potentially bias teacher judgment (Studies 1 through 3). All studies were designed to contribute to a further understanding of classroom assessment skills of teachers. Overall, the results implied that, teacher judgment of cognitive ability was an important constant for teacher nominations and recommendations but lacked accuracy. Furthermore, teacher judgments of various traits and school achievement were substantially related to social background variables, especially the parents’ educational background. However, multivariate analysis showed social background variables to impact nomination and recommendation only marginally if at all. All results indicated differentiated but potentially biased teacher judgments to impact their far-reaching referral decisions directly, while the influence of social background on the referral decisions itself seems mediated. Implications regarding further research practices and educational assessment strategies are discussed. The implications on the needs of teachers to be educated on judgment and educational assessment are of particular interest and importance.
Intelligenzforschung im Grundschulalter – Normierung des Testverfahren T(H)INK – (Test für (hoch) intelligente Kinder)

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