Reference : Regulation of nitrate and nitrite respiration in γ-proteobacteria: a comparative geno...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Multidisciplinary, general & others
Regulation of nitrate and nitrite respiration in γ-proteobacteria: a comparative genomics study
Ravcheev, Dmitry mailto [University of Luxembourg > Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) > >]
Rakhmaninova, A.B. []
Mironov, A.A. []
Gelfand, M.S. []
Molecular Biology
Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
New York
[en] comparative genomics ; γ-proteobacteria ; nitrate and nitrite respiration ; NarP ; NarL ; NarX ; NarQ
[en] Nitrate and nitrite are the most preferable electron acceptors in the absence of molecular
oxygen. In the γ-proteobacterium Escherichia coli, nitrate and nitrite respiration is regulated by two homologous tran- scription factors, NarL and NarP. Although this regulatory system was a subject of intensive research for more than 20 years, many key issues, including the structure of the NarL-binding site, are still unclear. Comparative genomics analysis showed that only NarP is responsible for regulation in most γ-proteobacteria. The NarP reg- ulon was studied in ten genomes.
Although its structure considerably differs among some genomes, the mech- anism regulating the nitrate and nitrite reduction genes is highly conserved. A correlation was observed between the evolutionary changes in the nitrate and nitrite respiration system and the relevant regulatory system. Poten- tial NarP-binding sites were found upstream of the gene for the global regulator FNR and the sydAB, mdh, and sucAB aerobic metabolism genes. It was assumed on the basis of this evidence that the role of NarP in regulat- ing respiration changed during evolution. In total, 35 new operons were assigned to the generalized NarP reg- ulon. Autoregulation of the narQP operon was suggested for bacteria of the family Vibrionaceae.

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