Reference : Enzyme complexity in intermediary metabolism.
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology
Enzyme complexity in intermediary metabolism.
Van Schaftingen, Emile [> >]
Veiga-da-Cunha, Maria [> >]
Linster, Carole mailto [University of Luxembourg > Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) >]
Journal of inherited metabolic disease
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
[en] A good appraisal of the function of enzymes is essential for the understanding of inborn errors of metabolism. However, it is clear now that the 'one gene, one enzyme, one catalytic function' rule oversimplifies the actual situation. Genes often encode several related proteins, which may differ in their subcellular localisation, regulation or function. Furthermore, enzymes often show several catalytic activities. In some cases, this is because they are multifunctional, possessing two or more different active sites that catalyse different, physiologically related reactions. In enzymes with broad specificity or in multispecificity enzymes, a single type of catalytic site performs the same reaction on different physiological substrates at similar rates. Enzymes that act physiologically in only one reaction often show nonetheless substrate promiscuity: they act at low rates on compounds that resemble their physiological substrate(s), thus forming non-classical metabolites, which are in some cases eliminated by metabolite repair. In addition to their catalytic role, enzymes may have moonlighting functions, i.e. non-catalytic functions that are most often not related with their catalytic activity. Deficiency in such functions may participate in the phenotype of inborn errors of metabolism. Evolution has also made that some enzymes have lost their catalytic activity to become allosteric proteins.
Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB): Enzymology & Metabolism (Linster Group)

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