Reference : A preliminary investigation of the growth of an aneurysm with a multiscale monolithic...
Scientific journals : Article
Engineering, computing & technology : Computer science
Engineering, computing & technology : Materials science & engineering
Human health sciences : Cardiovascular & respiratory systems
Computational Sciences
A preliminary investigation of the growth of an aneurysm with a multiscale monolithic Fluid-Structure interaction solver
Cerroni, D. [> >]
Manservisi, S. [> >]
Pozzetti, Gabriele mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Communication (FSTC) > Engineering Research Unit]
Journal of Physics: Conference Series
[en] In this work we investigate the potentialities of multi-scale engineering techniques to approach complex problems related to biomedical and biological fields. In particular we study the interaction between blood and blood vessel focusing on the presence of an aneurysm. The study of each component of the cardiovascular system is very difficult due to the fact that the movement of the fluid and solid is determined by the rest of system through dynamical boundary conditions. The use of multi-scale techniques allows us to investigate the effect of the whole loop on the aneurysm dynamic. A three-dimensional fluid-structure interaction model for the aneurysm is developed and coupled to a mono-dimensional one for the remaining part of the cardiovascular system, where a point zero-dimensional model for the heart is provided. In this manner it is possible to achieve rigorous and quantitative investigations of the cardiovascular disease without loosing the system dynamic. In order to study this biomedical problem we use a monolithic fluid-structure interaction (FSI) model where the fluid and solid equations are solved together. The use of a monolithic solver allows us to handle the convergence issues caused by large deformations. By using this monolithic approach different solid and fluid regions are treated as a single continuum and the interface conditions are automatically taken into account. In this way the iterative process characteristic of the commonly used segregated approach, it is not needed any more.

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