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The development of working memory capacity and fluid intelligence in children
Engel de Abreu, Pascale; Gathercole, S; Conway, A
201011th Conference of the International Society for Intelligence Research
 

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Keywords :
working memory; fluid intelligence; children
Abstract :
[en] A longitudinal study was conducted to investigate the relationship between working memory capacity and fluid intelligence and how this relationship develops in early childhood. The major aim was to determine which aspect of the working memory system – short-term storage or executive attention – drives the relationship with fluid intelligence. A sample of 119 children was followed from kindergarten to second grade and completed multiple assessments of short-term memory, working memory, and fluid intelligence. Latent growth curve modeling was employed to investigate the factor structure in each grade and to assess the stability of the factor structure over time. The data suggest that working memory, short-term memory, and fluid intelligence are highly related but separate constructs in young children and the factor structure among these constructs is invariant across time. The results further showed that when the common variance between working memory and short-term memory was controlled, the residual working memory factor revealed significant links with fluid intelligence whereas the residual short-term memory factor did not. These findings, consistent with previous research on young adults, suggest that executive attention, rather than the storage component of working memory, is the primary source of the relationship between working memory capacity and fluid intelligence.
Disciplines :
Theoretical & cognitive psychology
Author, co-author :
Engel de Abreu, Pascale  ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Educational Measurement and Applied Cognitive Science (EMACS)
Gathercole, S
Conway, A
Language :
English
Title :
The development of working memory capacity and fluid intelligence in children
Publication date :
December 2010
Event name :
11th Conference of the International Society for Intelligence Research
Event place :
Alexandria, United States
Event date :
December 9-11, 2010
Audience :
International
Available on ORBilu :
since 22 May 2013

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