Reference : Ego depletion moderates the influence of automatic and controlled precursors of react...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Social, industrial & organizational psychology
Ego depletion moderates the influence of automatic and controlled precursors of reactive aggression: A double dissociation
Schmidt, Alexander F. mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE) >]
Zimmermann, Philipp S. []
Banse, Rainer []
Imhoff, Roland []
Social Psychology
[en] Reactive aggression ; implicit measures ; ego depletion
[en] From a dual-systems perspective, it has been proposed that predictive validity of whether individuals act out or stifle their reactive aggression will be maximized if (a) automatic and (b) controlled precursors of aggression are assessed and (c) situational boundaries in favor of acting out or restraining oneself are specified. In the present research we experimentally manipulated participants’ self-regulatory resources in an ego depletion paradigm and subsequently measured reactive aggression in the Taylor Aggression Paradigm. Assessing automatic and controlled precursors of reactive aggression via an Implicit Association Test of Aggressiveness (Agg-IAT) and a self-report reactive aggressiveness questionnaire, respectively, we demonstrated a theoretically expected double dissociation: Reactive aggression of ego depleted individuals was associated with the indirect measure (Agg-IAT) whereas non-depleted participants’ reactive aggression correlated with the direct measure (self-report). The results corroborate the usefulness of both direct and indirect measures of aggressiveness and point to boundary conditions of these measures’ criterion validity.

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