Reference : Exploring the Interplay of Trait Self-Control and Ego Depletion: Empirical Evidence f...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Social, industrial & organizational psychology
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Theoretical & cognitive psychology
Exploring the Interplay of Trait Self-Control and Ego Depletion: Empirical Evidence for Ironic Effects
Imhoff, Roland []
Schmidt, Alexander F. mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE) >]
Gerstenberg, Friederike X. R. []
European Journal of Personality
John Wiley & Sons, Inc
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
[en] Trait self-control (TSC) has been conceptualized as a general and abstract ability to exert self-regulation across multiple domains that has mostly beneficial effects. However, its relationship to situational depletion of self-regulatory resources has received little attention. We systematically explore the interplay of trait and situational self-control in two studies (total N = 264). In contrast with a positive view of TSC, the results show greater ego depletion effects for high (vs. low) self-control abilities across such diverse domains as candy consumption (Study 1), risk-taking behaviour (Study 2) and achievement motivation (Study 2). It is proposed that these ironic effects are attributable to high-TSC individuals' less frequent active inhibition of impulses in everyday life and their resulting lack of experience in resisting acute temptations. A third study (N> = 358) corroborated this general reasoning by showing that TSC is indeed associated with less frequent impulse inhibition in daily routines. Our data point to a downside of dispositional self-control in ego depletion paradigms. Other explanations and potential future avenues for resolving inconsistent findings across the literature are discussed.

File(s) associated to this reference

Fulltext file(s):

Open access
Imhoff-et-al_in-press_Ironic-TSC.pdfAuthor postprint494.64 kBView/Open

Bookmark and Share SFX Query

All documents in ORBilu are protected by a user license.