Reference : Small-world network approach to identify key residues in protein-protein interaction.
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Multidisciplinary, general & others
Small-world network approach to identify key residues in protein-protein interaction.
del Sol Mesa, Antonio mailto [University of Luxembourg > Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) >]
O'Meara, Paul [> >]
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
United States
[en] Amino Acids/chemistry ; Animals ; Bacteria/metabolism ; Binding Sites ; Computational Biology/methods ; Dimerization ; Escherichia coli/metabolism ; Humans ; Models, Molecular ; Models, Statistical ; Molecular Biology ; Molecular Conformation ; Mutagenesis ; Phosphorylation ; Protein Binding ; Protein Conformation ; Protein Folding ; Protein Interaction Mapping ; Proteins/chemistry ; Proteomics/methods ; Sequence Alignment ; Sequence Analysis, Protein ; Structural Homology, Protein ; Thermodynamics ; Viruses/metabolism
[en] We show that protein complexes can be represented as small-world networks, exhibiting a relatively small number of highly central amino-acid residues occurring frequently at protein-protein interfaces. We further base our analysis on a set of different biological examples of protein-protein interactions with experimentally validated hot spots, and show that 83% of these predicted highly central residues, which are conserved in sequence alignments and nonexposed to the solvent in the protein complex, correspond to or are in direct contact with an experimentally annotated hot spot. The remaining 17% show a general tendency to be close to an annotated hot spot. On the other hand, although there is no available experimental information on their contribution to the binding free energy, detailed analysis of their properties shows that they are good candidates for being hot spots. Thus, highly central residues have a clear tendency to be located in regions that include hot spots. We also show that some of the central residues in the protein complex interfaces are central in the monomeric structures before dimerization and that possible information relating to hot spots of binding free energy could be obtained from the unbound structures.

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