Reference : XDEM - FEM Coupling Simulations of the Interactions between a Tire Tread and Granular...
E-prints/Working papers : First made available on ORBilu
Engineering, computing & technology : Mechanical engineering
Computational Sciences
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/17044
XDEM - FEM Coupling Simulations of the Interactions between a Tire Tread and Granular Terrain
English
Michael, Mark mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Communication (FSTC) > Engineering Research Unit >]
Vogel, Frank []
Peters, Bernhard mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Communication (FSTC) > Engineering Research Unit >]
2014
Preprint submitted to Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering
16
Yes
[en] Tire Tread ; Soil ; Traction ; DEM - FEM Coupling ; Finite Element Method (FEM) ; eXtended Discrete Element Method (XDEM)
[en] This study proposes an efficient combination of the Discrete Element Method (DEM) and the Finite Element
Method (FEM) to study the tractive performance of a rubber tire in interaction with granular terrain. The presented
approach is relevant to all engineering devices interacting with granular matter which causes response forces.
Herein, the extended discrete element method (XDEM) is used to describe the dynamics of the granular assembly.
On the one hand, the discrete approach accounts for the motion and forces of each grain individually. On the other
hand, the finite element method accurately predicts the deformations and stresses acting within the tire tread. Hence,
the simulation domain occupied by the tire tread is efficiently described as a continuous entity. The coupling of
both methods is based on the interface shared by the two spatially separated domains. Contact forces develop at the
interface and propagate into each domain. The coupling method enables to capture both responses simultaneously
and allows to sufficiently resolve the different length scales. Each grain in contact with the surface of the tire tread
generates a contact force which it reacts on repulsively. The contact forces sum up over the tread surface and cause
the tire tread to deform. The coupling method compensates quite naturally the shortages of both numerical methods.
It further employs a fast contact detection algorithm to save valuable computation time.
The proposed DEM-FEM Coupling technique was employed to study the tractive performance of a rubber tire with
lug tread patterns in a soil bed. The contact forces at the tread surface are captured by 3D simulations for a tire slip
of 5%. The simulations showed to accurately recapture the gross tractive effort, running resistance and
drawbar pull of the tire tread in comparison to related measurements. Further, the traction mechanisms between
the tire tread and the granular ground are studied by analysing the motion of the soil grains and the deformation of the
tread.
University of Luxembourg: High Performance Computing - ULHPC
Fonds National de la Recherche - FnR
Researchers ; Professionals
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/17044

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