Reference : Quality of life social disparities and roles of family and unhealthy behaviours among...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Sociology & social sciences
Human health sciences : Public health, health care sciences & services
Quality of life social disparities and roles of family and unhealthy behaviours among adolescents.
Chau, Kénora [> >]
Kabuth, Bernard [> >]
Baumann, Michèle mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE) >]
Psychology & Health
suppl 2
Euroepan Health Psychology Society
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
United Kingdom
[en] Adolescents’ quality of life ; Whoqol ; social disparities ; family structure ; income ; unhealthy behaviours
[en] Adolescents’ quality of life determinants include socioeconomic characteristics and unhealthy behaviours. This study explored WHOQOL social disparities and the roles of family structure, income and unhealthy behaviours. Methods: 1556 middle-school adolescents from north-eastern France completed a self-administered questionnaire measuring WHOQOL domains and other factors. Data were analysed using multiple regression models. Findings: Significantly lower WHOQOL was found for clerk (gender-age-adjusted regression coefficient r 5.8 (SE 1.1)), manual-worker ( 5.7 (1.5)), unemployed/inactive ( 10.3 (1.5)) and other categories ( 1.3 to 3.2), compared with manager families. Controlling for family structure and income highly reduced the r to 2.45 (1.1), 2.3 (1.5), 5.3 (1.6) and 1.5 to 0.89 (NS), respectively. The disparities remained after further controlling for last-month tobacco/alcohol/cannabis uses and lack of sports-physical activity. Similar findings were found for all physical, psychological, social relationships and environment WHOQOL domains. Discussion: WHOQOL disparities are highly explained by family structure, income and unhealthy behaviours that may be prevention targets.
Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE) > Institute for Health and Behaviour
University of Luxembourg - UL
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students ; General public ; Others

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