Reference : Le rapatriement prématuré: analyse des déterminants psychosociaux, de la qualité de v...
Dissertations and theses : Doctoral thesis
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Sociology & social sciences
Le rapatriement prématuré: analyse des déterminants psychosociaux, de la qualité de vie, des compétences relatives à l'employabilité et des capacités à gérer des problèmes auprès des militaires des Forces canadiennes stationnés en Europe. De la conception à l'évaluation d'une intervention psychosociale pour le prévenir
Blackburn, Dave [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE) >]
University of Luxembourg, ​Luxembourg, ​​Luxembourg
Docteur en Sciences Sociales
Baumann, Michèle mailto
[en] Canadian Forces ; OUTCAN posting ; Early repatriation ; Quality of life ; Employability skills ; Problem solving skills ; Psychosocial intervention
[en] Introduction. Early repatriation of Canadian Forces personnel deployed to Europe, mainly to NATO, defines military members unable to complete their postings. This is a recent problem and its reoccurrence and prohibitive costs have a psychological and social impact at individual, family and institutional levels and therefore, have become a research priority. This thesis includes a group of doctorate studies whose innovative character undoubtedly helps understand this phenomenon and the factors contributing to its persistence or continuity.
Goals. 1) Identify the determining factors (personal, interpersonal, environmental, institutional and social) involved with early repatriation; 2) Analyze over a period of three months the connection between quality of life, employability skills and problem management capabilities; secondly, identify the links between psychological quality of life and the factors that are mentioned, as well as the sense of belonging and socio-demographic characteristics; 3) Develop a program of preventive psychosocial actions for CF members serving in Europe (Programme d’actions préventives psychosociales destiné aux militaires des FC affectés en Europe (PAPFCE)); 4) Assess, with a group of participants, the quality and usefulness of the different components involved in the psychosocial intervention program and analyze over a three month period, the relationship between quality of life, employability skills and problem management capabilities for one group of participants and two groups not participating in the program.
Method. In order to reach our goals, 343 CF members were invited to participate in various investigations. 1) Comments from soldiers that repatriated to Canada were analyzed. 2) A questionnaire based on previously established scales, was built to measure quality of life, employability skills, ability to manage problems and sense of belonging for newcomers of summer 2009. 3) Creation of the PAPFCE was designed and submitted to the newcomers of summer 2010. 4) A data comparison was carried out between the non participating military members and those who participated in the psychosocial intervention. Furthermore, using an evaluation grid, military members subjected to psychosocial intervention were questioned about the usefulness and quality of the different parts of the program.
Results. A total of 74 military members participated in the project (participation rate 22%). The participants were men (81.1%), average age of 41.8 years [from 23 years to 56 years], using English at home (59.5%) and reported living as married (81.1%). Their job profile is as follows: 20.7 years of service in the CF [from 5 years to 38 years], non commissioned officers (52.7%) and Germany as place of employment (54.1%). The main contributing factors to early repatriation are: 1) deficiencies in the military selection process and its application, 2) occurrence or development of psychosocial problems, 3) application of disciplinary or administrative actions (such as revealing psychosocial imbalance), 4) expectations that were unfulfilled by the posting. After the first three months of deployment, quality of life, employability skills and capability to manage problems have not changed. The military member’s psychological quality of life is positively associated with "physical" and "social" aspects, the extent of "acquisition of social support" and the "restructuring" of the capability to manage problems. A data comparison between military personnel who participated in the PAPFCE and the non participants neither confirms its effectiveness nor significant contribution. However, for most participants, the quality of components and their satisfaction with the program were positively assessed, although the program did not seem to be able to prevent the occurrence of psychosocial problems, major factors for premature repatriation.
Conclusion. The analysis of the determining factors involved in the success or failure of a military posting to Europe has led to a better understanding of the complexity of the cultural and professional adjustment process necessary by the members and their families. This work provides site specific realities to reflect upon and possible intervention methods that can be adopted to improve the posting or deployment support and encourages a more critical observation of challenges and issues that may have an impact on the future of the CF.

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