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Amino Acid Sequence; Mice; Molecular Sequence Data; Mutagenesis, Site-Directed; Protein Structure, Tertiary; Protein-Tyrosine Kinases; Rats; Receptors, Cell Surface; Signal Transduction; Swine; Up-Regulation; Macaca mulatta; Janus Kinase 1; Interleukin-6; Animals; COS Cells; Cell Line, Tumor; Cercopithecus aethiops; Chickens; Drosophila; Fibrosarcoma; Fishes; Humans; Interferons; src Homology Domains
[en] The presence of a Src homology 2 (SH2) domain sequence similarity in the sequence of Janus kinases (Jaks) has been discussed since the first descriptions of these enzymes. We performed an in depth study to determine the function of the Jak1 SH2 domain. We investigated the functionality of the Jak1 SH2 domain by stably reconstituting Jak1-defective human fibrosarcoma cells U4C with endogenous amounts of Jak1 in which the crucial arginine residue Arg466 within the SH2 domain has been replaced by lysine. This mutant still binds to the receptor subunits gp130 and OSMR. Moreover, the SH2 R466K mutation does not affect the subcellular distribution of Jak1 as assessed by cell fractionation and confocal microscopy of cells expressing endogenous levels of non-tagged or a yellow fluorescent protein (YFP)-tagged Jak1-R466K, respectively. Likewise, the signaling capacity of Jak1 was not affected by this point mutation. However, we found that the SH2 domain is structurally important for cytokine receptor binding and surface expression of the OSMR.