Reference : Fast and not furious? Cognitive dissonance reduction in smokers.
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Social, industrial & organizational psychology
Fast and not furious? Cognitive dissonance reduction in smokers.
Kneer, Julia mailto [Cologne University, Germany]
Glock, Sabine mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Languages, Culture, Media and Identities (LCMI) >]
Rieger, Diana mailto [Cologne University, Germany]
Social Psychology
American Sociological Association
[en] smoking ; cognitive dissonance ; response latencies ; arousal ; ratings
[en] Three studies explored whether cognitive dissonance in smokers is reduced immediately or remains constant due to the perceived
health risk. Because dissonance-reducing strategies might occur very quickly and previous research has focused only on ratings
concerning health risk, we additionally analyzed response latencies and psychophysiological arousal as more implicit measurements. In
Study 1, 2, and 3, participants rated their smoking-related health risks twice for different diseases. Ratings, response latencies (Study 1,
2), and psychophysiological arousal (Study 3) differed during the first testing. Differences in response latencies and psychophysiological
arousal diminished during the second testing, whereas ratings did not change. The results are discussed in terms of implicit methods as
measurements for cognitive dissonance and in terms of prevention and intervention programs.

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