Reference : Orientational constraints of the gp130 intracellular juxtamembrane domain for signaling
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology
Orientational constraints of the gp130 intracellular juxtamembrane domain for signaling
Greiser, J. S. [> >]
Stross, C. [> >]
Heinrich, P. C. [> >]
Behrmann, Iris mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Communication (FSTC) > Life Science Research Unit >]
Hermanns, H. M. [> >]
Journal of Biological Chemistry
American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
[en] Trans-Activators ; Janus Kinase 1 ; Dimerization ; DNA-Binding Proteins ; Cytoplasm ; Cytokines ; COS Cells ; Blotting, Western ; Animals ; Amino Acid Sequence ; Membrane Glycoproteins ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Signal Transduction ; STAT3 Transcription Factor ; STAT1 Transcription Factor ; Protein-Tyrosine Kinases ; Protein Structure, Tertiary ; Precipitin Tests ; Plasmids ; Phosphorylation ; Mutation ; Alanine
[en] The glycoprotein 130 (gp130) is the common signal transducing receptor chain of the interleukin-6 family of cytokines. Here we investigated the requirements for transfer of the information given by ligand binding to the cytoplasmic domain of gp130. It is demonstrated that the box 1/2 region has to be located membrane-proximally in order to bind and activate Janus kinases. To test the possible requirement of an alpha-helical orientation, we inserted 1-4 alanine residues into this juxtamembrane intracellular region. The insertion of one alanine results in a strongly reduced activation of STAT1 and STAT3, whereas insertion of three alanine residues leads to a stronger STAT activation. These results suggest that gp130-mediated activation of STATs is sensitive to rotational changes around the receptor axis perpendicular to the membrane. Surprisingly, insertion of 1, 2, 3, or 4 alanine residues into this juxtamembrane region leads to successive impairment but not abolishment of Janus kinase and receptor phosphorylation, supporting the finding of sensitivity of Janus kinases toward changes in distance of box 1/2 from the plasma membrane. We suggest a new model concerning the gp130 activation mode in which the relative orientation of the cytoplasmic regions seems to be critical for further signal transduction.

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