Reference : Robust density estimation with the L1-loss. Applications to the estimation of a densi... |

E-prints/Working papers : Already available on another site | |||

Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Mathematics | |||

http://hdl.handle.net/10993/51513 | |||

Robust density estimation with the L1-loss. Applications to the estimation of a density on the line satisfying a shape constraint | |

English | |

Baraud, Yannick [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Medicine (FSTM) > Department of Mathematics (DMATH) >] | |

Halconruy, Hélène [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Medicine (FSTM) > Department of Mathematics (DMATH) >] | |

Maillard, Guillaume [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Medicine (FSTM) > Department of Mathematics (DMATH) >] | |

2022 | |

No | |

[en] Density estimation, robust estimation, shape constraint, total variation loss, minimax theory | |

[en] We solve the problem of estimating the distribution of presumed i.i.d.\ observations for the total variation loss. Our approach is based on density models and is versatile enough to cope with many different ones, including some density models for which the Maximum Likelihood Estimator (MLE for short) does not exist. We mainly illustrate the properties of our estimator on models of densities on the line that satisfy a shape constraint. We show that it possesses some similar optimality properties, with regard to some global rates of convergence, as the MLE does when it exists. It also enjoys some adaptation properties with respect to some specific target densities in the model for which our estimator is proven to converge at parametric rate. More important is the fact that our estimator is robust, not only with respect to model misspecification, but also to contamination, the presence of outliers among the dataset and the equidistribution assumption. This means that the estimator performs almost as well as if the data were i.i.d.\ with density $p$ in a situation where these data are only independent and most of their marginals are close enough in total variation to a distribution with density $p$. {We also show that our estimator converges to the average density of the data, when this density belongs to the model, even when none of the marginal densities belongs to it}. Our main result on the risk of the estimator takes the form of an exponential deviation inequality which is non-asymptotic and involves explicit numerical constants. We deduce from it several global rates of convergence, including some bounds for the minimax L1-risks over the sets of concave and log-concave densities. These bounds derive from some specific results on the approximation of densities which are monotone, convex, concave and log-concave. Such results may be of independent interest. | |

http://hdl.handle.net/10993/51513 | |

https://arxiv.org/submit/4385620 | |

H2020 ; 811017 - SanDAL - ERA Chair in Mathematical Statistics and Data Science for the University of Luxembourg |

File(s) associated to this reference | ||||||||||||||

| ||||||||||||||

All documents in ORBi^{lu} are protected by a user license.