Reference : Historical institutional differences and entrepreneurship: socialist legacy in Vietnam
Scientific journals : Article
Business & economic sciences : Strategy & innovation
Entrepreneurship and Innovation / Audit
Historical institutional differences and entrepreneurship: socialist legacy in Vietnam
Fisch, Christian mailto [University of Luxembourg > Interdisciplinary Centre for Security, Reliability and Trust (SNT) > Entrepreneurship, Innovation, and New Technology (EINT) >]
Wyrwich, Michael []
Nguyen, Thi Lanh []
Block, Jörn []
International Review of Entrepreneurship
Senate Hall
[en] Socialism ; Vietnam ; institutions ; entrepreneurship intention ; entrepreneurship education ; takeover vs. new venture startup
[en] We study the case of Vietnam to assess the long-lasting role of institutional and historical legacy on entrepreneurial outcomes. In particular, we investigate the detrimental effect of socialist institutions on entrepreneurship. Vietnam offers a unique quasi-experimental setting because the country was divided into the socialist North and the nonsocialist South for a relatively short period of two decades. After reunification, the South adopted the institutional framework conditions of the North. To assess the relationship between socialist history and entrepreneurship in this unique setting, we survey more than 3,000 North and South Vietnamese individuals more than four decades after the reunification of the country. We find that North Vietnamese respondents have lower entrepreneurship intentions, are less likely to select into entrepreneurship education programs, and are less willing to engage in a business takeover. These patterns indicate the persistence of historical differences in institutional framework conditions on entrepreneurship. We conclude by outlining the implications of a socialist legacy for entrepreneurship theory and policymakers.

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