Reference : University patenting: a comparison of 300 leading universities worldwide
Scientific journals : Article
Business & economic sciences : Strategy & innovation
Entrepreneurship and Innovation / Audit
University patenting: a comparison of 300 leading universities worldwide
Fisch, Christian mailto []
Hassel, Tobias []
Sandner, Philipp []
Block, Jörn []
Journal of Technology Transfer
Technology Transfer Society
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
United States
[en] University patenting ; Patents ; Ranking ; Publishing and patenting
[en] Despite a worldwide increase in university patenting, empirical studies have largely focused on analyzing university patenting in individual countries and regions. We provide analyses from an international perspective, examining patents at the top 300 universities worldwide. By providing a patent ranking system and an analysis of the determinants of university patenting, we enable an international comparison not only between different countries but also between universities within countries. A ranking of the top-patenting universities shows a huge predominance of US universities: 18 of the top 25 universities are located in the US, with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology being ranked first. Our results show that the propensity to apply for patents is very high among US and Asian universities, while European universities lag behind. In addition to the home country, further determinants of university patenting are the quantity of the universities’ publications and a technological focus in areas such as chemistry and mechanical engineering. However, the size of a university and the quality of its publications are not found to be significant determinants.

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