Reference : Income-related health inequality in urban China (1991-2015): The role of homeownershi...
Scientific journals : Article
Business & economic sciences : Special economic topics (health, labor, transportation…)
Income-related health inequality in urban China (1991-2015): The role of homeownership and housing conditions
Peng, Nie mailto [School of Economics and Finance, Xi’an Jiaotong University, 710061 Xi’an, China; Institute for Health Care & Public Management, University of Hohenheim, 70599 Stuttgart, Germany]
Clark, Andrew mailto [Paris School of Economics - CNRS]
d'Ambrosio, Conchita mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences (FHSE) > Department of Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences (DBCS) >]
Ding, Lanlin mailto [School of Economics and Finance, Xi’an Jiaotong University, 710061 Xi’an, China]
Health and Place
[en] Income-related health inequality ; housing conditions ; decomposition ; urban china
[en] Unprecedented economic growth has been experienced over the several decades worldwide, but such rapid economic growth wasn’t accompanied by equally-substantial improvement in health, especially health inequalities between the rich and poor. This study examines the role of housing in income-related health inequalities (income-health gradient) in urban China. We here analyze 1991-2015 China Health and Nutrition Survey data to ask how housing affects income-related health inequalities in urban China. We find pro-poor inequalities in self-reported bad health but pro-rich inequalities in objective bad health (general overweight/obesity, central obesity and high blood pressure). Housing conditions serve to reduce the health gradient, especially for objective health. On the contrary, homeownership exacerbates the health gradient. Improving housing conditions thus appears to be an effective way of reducing the income-health gradient in urban China.

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