Active matter in infinite dimensions: Fokker–Planck equation and dynamical mean-field theory at low density

English

Manacorda, Alessandro[University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Medicine (FSTM) > Department of Physics and Materials Science (DPHYMS) >]

[en] We investigate the behavior of self-propelled particles in infinite space dimensions by comparing two powerful approaches in many-body dynamics: the Fokker-Planck equation and dynamical mean-field theory. The dynamics of the particles at low densities and infinite persistence time is solved in the steady-state with both methods, thereby proving the consistency of the two approaches in a paradigmatic out-of-equilibrium system. We obtain the analytic expression for the pair distribution function and the effective self-propulsion to first order in the density, confirming the results obtained in a previous paper and extending them to the case of a non-monotonous interaction potential. Furthermore, we obtain the transient behavior of active hard spheres when relaxing from equilibrium to the nonequilibrium steady-state. Our results show how collective dynamics is affected by interactions to first order in the density, and point out future directions for further analytical and numerical solutions of this problem.