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New Estimates of Inequality of Opportunity Across European Cohorts (and Some Insights on the Long-term Impact of Educational Policy)
Andreoli, Francesco; Fusco, Alessio; Kyzyma, Iryna et al.
202136th IARIW Virtual General Conference
 

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Keywords :
inequality of opportunity; educational policy; distribution regression; bias correction; EU-SILC
Abstract :
[en] This paper provides a set of new estimates of inequality of opportunity (IOp) in Europe, using the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Condition (EU-SILC). Unlike previous research, we estimate inequality of opportunity within birth cohorts, which we argue is the most appropriate population level for inequality of opportunity analysis. Most IOp measures require estimation of the conditional distribution of the outcome of interest given circumstances. With multiple circumstances and the sample sizes available in EU-SILC, we use distribution regression methods combined with local kernel weighting and show how these can be used to estimate a large set of IOp measures. Endowed with cohort-level estimates of IOp, we finally examine the relationship between educational policy variables measured at the time of parental education and offspring generation inequality of opportunity in adulthood. We find a negative relationship between the duration of compulsory education of the parents and IOp among offspring, but the relationship is not very strong.
Disciplines :
Sociology & social sciences
Social economics
Author, co-author :
Andreoli, Francesco
Fusco, Alessio
Kyzyma, Iryna
van Kerm, Philippe  ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences (FHSE) > Department of Social Sciences (DSOC)
External co-authors :
yes
Language :
English
Title :
New Estimates of Inequality of Opportunity Across European Cohorts (and Some Insights on the Long-term Impact of Educational Policy)
Publication date :
25 August 2021
Event name :
36th IARIW Virtual General Conference
Event date :
from 23-08-2021 to 27-08-2021
Audience :
International
FnR Project :
FNR11333934 - The Impact Of Childhood Circumstances On Individual Outcomes Over The Life-course, 2016 (01/01/2018-31/08/2021) - Philippe Van Kerm
Funders :
FNR - Fonds National de la Recherche [LU]
Available on ORBilu :
since 04 January 2022

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