Reference : New Estimates of Inequality of Opportunity Across European Cohorts (and Some Insights...
Scientific congresses, symposiums and conference proceedings : Unpublished conference
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Sociology & social sciences
Business & economic sciences : Social economics
New Estimates of Inequality of Opportunity Across European Cohorts (and Some Insights on the Long-term Impact of Educational Policy)
Andreoli, Francesco []
Fusco, Alessio []
Kyzyma, Iryna []
van Kerm, Philippe mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences (FHSE) > Department of Social Sciences (DSOC) >]
36th IARIW Virtual General Conference
from 23-08-2021 to 27-08-2021
[en] inequality of opportunity ; educational policy ; distribution regression ; bias correction ; EU-SILC
[en] This paper provides a set of new estimates of inequality of opportunity (IOp)
in Europe, using the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Condition (EU-SILC). Unlike previous research, we estimate inequality of opportunity
within birth cohorts, which we argue is the most appropriate population level
for inequality of opportunity analysis. Most IOp measures require estimation
of the conditional distribution of the outcome of interest given circumstances.
With multiple circumstances and the sample sizes available in EU-SILC, we use
distribution regression methods combined with local kernel weighting and show
how these can be used to estimate a large set of IOp measures. Endowed with
cohort-level estimates of IOp, we finally examine the relationship between educational policy variables measured at the time of parental education and offspring generation inequality of opportunity in adulthood. We find a negative
relationship between the duration of compulsory education of the parents and
IOp among offspring, but the relationship is not very strong.
Fonds National de la Recherche - FnR
FnR ; FNR11333934 > Philippe Van Kerm > IMCHILD > The Impact Of Childhood Circumstances On Individual Outcomes Over The Life-course > 01/01/2018 > 31/08/2021 > 2016

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