Reference : The Impact of Parental Presence on their Children during Painful Medical Procedures:A...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Theoretical & cognitive psychology
The Impact of Parental Presence on their Children during Painful Medical Procedures:A Systematic Review
Rheel, Emma []
Malfliet, Anneleen []
van Ryckeghem, Dimitri mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences (FHSE) > Department of Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences (DBCS) >]
Pas, Roselien []
Vervoort, Tine []
Ickmans, Kelly []
Pain Medicine
Oxford University Press
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
United Kingdom
[en] child ; parent ; parental involvement ; parental presence ; procedural pain
[en] Objective: Whether parental presence during their children's painful medical procedures is advantageous with regard to child's pain-related outcomes is questionable. Research regarding this topic is equivocal and additional questions, such as whether levels of parental involvement may play a role as well, remain to be assessed. The purpose of this systematic review is to summarize and critically appraise the literature regarding the impact of parental presence versus absence during their children's painful medical procedures on the child's pain-related outcomes.

Methods: The review protocol was registered on Prospero (ID CRD42018116614). A systematic search in PubMed, Web of Science, and PsycArticles resulted in 22 eligible studies incorporating 2157 participants. Studies were considered eligible if they included children (≤ 18 years old) undergoing a painful medical procedure and compared parental presence and/or involvement with parental absence during the procedure.

Results: The children's pain-related outcomes included self-reported pain intensity, self-reported fear, anxiety and distress, observed pain-related behavior, and physiological parameters. Overall, evidence points in the direction of beneficial effects of parental presence versus absence with regard to children's self-reported pain intensity and physiological parameters, whereas mixed findings were recorded for children's self-reported fears, anxiety and distress, and observed pain-related behaviors.

Conclusions: : In order to provide clear recommendations on how to involve the parent during the procedure, as well as for which type of children and parents parental presence has the best effects, further research is needed, as indicated in this review.

File(s) associated to this reference

Fulltext file(s):

Limited access
Rheel2021_TheImpactofParentalPresenceonTheirChildrenDuringPainfulMedicalProcedures_PainMed.pdfPublisher postprint1.27 MBRequest a copy

Bookmark and Share SFX Query

All documents in ORBilu are protected by a user license.